A thrombus or embolus can partially or totally block the flow of blood in a blood vessel.
You are watching: A foreign object, such as a blood clot that is circulating in the blood is called
Situations in which a blood clot is more most likely to form in veins include:Being on permanent bed restSitting for lengthy durations, such as in a aircraft or carDuring and also after pregnancyTaking birth regulate pills or estrogen hormones (specifically in women who smoke)Long-term usage of an intravenous catheter After surgery
Blood clots are additionally even more most likely to create after an injury. People via cancer, excessive weight, and liver or kidney disease are additionally vulnerable to blood clots.
Smoking additionally rises the risk of forming blood clots.
Conditions that are passed dvery own with households (inherited) may make you even more likely to form abnormal blood clots. Inherited conditions that influence clotting are:Factor V Leiden mutationProthrombin G20210A mutation
Other rare conditions, such as protein C, protein S, and also antithrombin III deficiencies.
A blood clot may block an artery or vein in the heart, affecting the:Heart (angina or a heart attack)Neck or brain (stroke)
Clot; Emboli; Thrombi; Thromboembolus; Hypercoagulable state
Anderboy JA, Hogg KE, Weitz JI. Hypercoagulable says. In: Hoffguy R, Benz EJ, Silberstein LE, et al, eds. Hematology: Basic Principles and Practice. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 140.
Schafer AI. Approach to the patient through bleeding and thrombosis: hypercoagulable claims. In: Goldmale L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 2sixth ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 162.
Updated by: Todd Gersten, MD, Hematology/Oncology, Florida Cancer Specialists & Research Institute, Wellington, FL. Review provided by VeriMed Healthtreatment Network-related. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conameans, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
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UNITED STATE National Library of Medicine8600 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20894UNITED STATE Department of Health and also Human being ServicesNational Institutes of Health
Page last updated: 01 September 2021