President James K. Polk was not favored to success his party"s nomination to the presidency, but his expansionist views were favored through the American people.

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While Polk awaited the Presidency, the problem of Texas resurfaced.

Congress admitted Texas come the Union in a joint resolution happen the day prior to Polk"s inauguration. Mexico to be outraged. Consists in the United says would forever dominion out the opportunity of re-acquiring the shed province.

Furthermore, the boundary was in dispute. Mexico declared that the southern boundary that Texas was the Nueces River, the Texan border while under mexico rule. Americans, and also the incoming President, asserted that the border of Texas was the Rio Grande River. The territory in between the two rivers to be the topic of upset bickering in between the two nations. Shortly it would certainly serve as the catalyst because that an all-out war.

President Polk"s true goal to be to obtain the affluent ports of California. He envisioned a profitable trade v the Far eastern that would revolve around San Francisco and also Monterey. Great Britain likewise had design on the territory, so Polk thought he would need to act fast. He sent John Slidell to Mexico through an offer. The United states would pay Mexico a merged sum the $30 million for the Texan boundary of the Rio Grande, new Mexico territory, and also California.


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The debated territory along the Texas-Mexico border is shaded above. The boundary along the ideal is the Nueces flow (the border i m sorry Mexico recognized) and the one follow me the appropriate is the Rio Grande (which was recognized by the joined States).

The Mexican federal government was livid. Castle were no interested in marketing the an important territory. Rather they issued the highest possible diplomatic rebuke. Lock refused even to get Slidell to hear his offer. The American President was enraged. He solved to fight Mexico.

In July of 1845, Polk ordered basic Zachary Taylor to overcome the Nueces River through his command of 4,000 troops. Upon learning of Slidell"s rejection, Polk sent word that Taylor should breakthrough his troops come the Rio Grande River. Native the standpoint the Mexico, the unified States had actually invaded your territory. Polk hoped to defend the disputed area with armed force. He also knew that any type of attack top top American troops might administer the incentive Congress was lacking to declare war.


Sure enough, in might of 1846, Polk received word the the Mexican army had indeed fired ~ above Taylor"s soldiers. Polk appeared before congress on might 11 and declared the Mexico had invaded the unified States and also had "shed American blood ~ above American soil!" Anti-expansionist Whigs had actually been hope to protect against conflict, however news that the "attack" was too lot to overlook. Congress passed a war declaration by one overwhelming majority. President Polk had actually his war.


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Heritage Gateways: Mormon Pioneer Trail
When the Republic of Texas was admitted come the Union as a state, every one of present-day southwestern U.S., consisting of Utah, belonged to Mexico. Nevertheless, Mormon leaders started planning a good migration of Mormons to an excellent Salt Lake City. Beginning in February 1846, the migration ongoing for over twenty years bringing much more than 100,000 inhabitants to the region. This mega-website celebrate the trip of these pioneers. Browse or usage the search tool to find particular details that pioneer life top top the trail.

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Inaugural resolve of chairman James Polk
President James Polk"s inauguration complied with rapidly ~ above the heels of Texas" admission to the Union. Polk"s inaugural address, i beg your pardon is listed in complete at this website, discusses at size the new state that Texas and territorial expansion.

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James Knox Polk
The website the James Polk"s ancestral home in Columbia, Tennessee, has posted a two-part story of the President, the an initial covering his early career and also the 2nd covering the choice of 1844 and his Presidency. Very nicely illustrated.

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James Polk"s request to Congress, might 11, 1846
On may 11, 1846, president James Polk updated congress on current events worrying Texas. The emissary he sent to Mexico v an sell of cash in exchange for debated lands to be rudely rebuffed. Then, Mexicans opened fire on americans at the Rio Grande River, killing 16. "War exists," Polk declared. This webpage provides the complete text the his address.

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Narrative history of Texas Annexation, Secession, and also Readmission come the Union
The Texas State Library and Archives Commission gives a considerable look at Texas and statehood indigenous the very first vote that Texans in 1836 in assistance of annexation, the successful press through Congress, secession native the Union in 1861, and, finally, to readmission as a state, with web links to relevant documents.

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