facet 16 of periodic table is Sulfur with atomic number 16, atomic load 32.065. Sulfur, price S, has a Face focused Orthorhombic structure and Yellow color. Sulfur is a other nonmetal element. Trivial surname of Sulfur is chalcogens*. Recognize everything around Sulfur Facts, physical Properties, chemical Properties, electronic configuration, Atomic and also Crystal Structure.
Sulfur or sulphur (see assignment differences) is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16. That is an abundant, multivalent non-metal. Under normal conditions, sulfur atoms type cyclic octatomic molecules through chemical formula S8.
You are watching: Ground state electron configuration of sulfur
Read an essential information and also facts around element Sulfur
|group in regular Table||16|
|Group Name||oxygen family|
|period in regular Table||3|
|Block in periodic Table||p-block|
|Melting allude||115.21 °C|
|Boiling suggest||444.72 °C|
|Electronic covering Structure||<2, 8, 6>|
How to locate Sulfur on routine Table
Periodic table is i ordered it by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus which is very same as number of electrons. The atomic number boosts from left to right. Periodic table starts at peak left ( atom number 1) and also ends in ~ bottom right (atomic number 118). Thus you can straight look for atomic number 16 to find Sulfur on regular table.
Another way to read regular table and locate an facet is by using group number (column) and period number (row). To find Sulfur on regular table look because that cross ar of team 16 and period 3 in the modern periodic table.
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Table of Contents
Atomic & orbital Properties
Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines
Compare Sulfur with other elements
The facet Sulfur was uncovered by old china in year 500 BC in unknown location . Sulfur derived its surname from the Latin word sulphur, "fire and also brimstone"
Sulfur Presence: diversity in Nature and also Around Us
The table listed below shows the abundance of Sulfur in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and Human Body.
|diversity in cosmos||0.0005|
|abundance in sunlight||0.0004|
|diversity in Meteorites||0.04|
|Abundance in Earth"s tardy||0.00042|
|abundance in oceans||0.00093|
|abundance in people||0.002|
Crystal framework of Sulfur
The solid state structure of Sulfur is Face centered Orthorhombic.
The crystal structure deserve to be explained in terms of its unit Cell. The unit cell repeats itself in three dimensional an are to type the structure.
Unit cabinet Parameters
The unit cabinet is stood for in regards to its lattice parameters, which space the lengths that the cabinet edges Lattice Constants (a, b and also c)
and the angles in between them Lattice angle (alpha, beta and also gamma).
The location of the atoms within the unit cell are defined by the collection of atom positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured from a reference lattice point.
The symmetry nature of the crystal are defined by the principle of space groups. All feasible symmetric species of particles in three-dimensional room are explained by the 230 space groups (219 distinctive types, or 230 if chiral duplicates are thought about distinct.
|space Group name||Fddd|| |
|room Group Number||70|
|Crystal structure||Face centered Orthorhombic|
Sulfur Atomic and Orbital Properties
Sulfur atoms have 16 electrons and also the digital shell framework is <2, 8, 6> through Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 3P2.
|Number of electron (with no charge)||16|
|Number of Protons||16|
|Number the Neutrons||16|
|Shell framework (Electrons per energy level)||<2, 8, 6>|
|Valence Electrons||3s2 3p4|
|Oxidation State||-2;-1 1;2;3;4;5;6|
|Atomic ax Symbol (Quantum Numbers)||3P2|
Shell framework of Sulfur - electron per power level
Ground State electronic Configuration that Sulfur - neutral Sulfur atomThe ground state electronic configuration of Neutral Sulfur atom is
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Unabbreviated digital configuration that neutral Sulfur
Complete floor state electronic configuration because that the Sulfur atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p4
Atomic structure of Sulfur
Sulfur atomic radius is 88 pm, if it"s covalent radius is 102 pm.
|atom Radius|| |
88 pm (0.88 Å)
|Atomic Volume||16.3596938776 cm3|
|Covalent Radius||102 pm (1.02 Å)|
|van der Waals Radius||180 pm|
|neutron Cross section||0.52 σa/barns|
Atomic Spectrum the Sulfur
Sulfur chemical Properties: Sulfur Ionization Energies and also electron affinity
The electron affinity that Sulfur is 200 kJ/mol
Ionization energy of Sulfur
Refer come table below for Ionization energies the Sulfur
Sulfur physics Properties
Refer to below table because that Sulfur physical Properties
|Molar Volume||16.3596938776 cm3|
|mass Modulus||7.7 GPa|
Hardness that Sulfur - test to measure of Hardness the Element
|Mohs Hardness||2 MPa|
Sulfur electric Properties
Sulfur is Insulator that electricity. Refer to table listed below for the electrical properties that Sulfur
|electric Conductivity||1×10-15 S/m|
|Resistivity||1×1015 m Ω|
Sulfur Heat and Conduction Properties
|thermal Conductivity||0.205 W/(m K)|
Sulfur Magnetic Properties
|mass Magnetic Susceptibility||-6.2×10-9|
|Molar Magnetic Susceptibility||-1.99×10-10|
|Volume Magnetic Susceptibility||-1.22e-05|
Optical nature of Sulfur
|Refractive table of contents||1.001111|
Acoustic properties of Sulfur
|speed of Sound||N/A|
Sulfur thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics
Refer come table below for heat properties of Sulfur
|Melting point||388.36 K (115.21 °C)|
|Boiling allude||717.87 K (444.72 °C)|
|critical Temperature||1314 K|
Enthalpies the Sulfur
|heat of fusion||1.73 kJ/mol|
|warmth of Vaporization||9.8 kJ/mol|
|warm of burning||"N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A" J/(kg K)|
Sulfur isotopes - nuclear Properties of Sulfur
Isotopes of rhodium. Naturally arising Sulfur has 4 steady isotope - 32S, 33S, 34S, 36S.
Regulatory and Health - Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines
|RTECS Number||RTECSWS4250000, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A|
|period Hazard course||N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A|
|period Numbers||"N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A"|
|EU Number||N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A|
|NFPA Fire Rating||N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A|
|NFPA perils||N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A|
|NFPA health Rating||N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A|
|NFPA Reactivity Rating||N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A|
perform of distinctive identifiers to find the facet in various chemical registry databases
|CAS Number - chemistry Abstracts business (CAS)||CAS7704-34-9|
|CID Number||CID5362487, CID5460602, CID139340, CID139602, CID66348, CID66348|
|Gmelin Number||N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A|
|NSC Number||N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A|
|RTECS Number||RTECSWS4250000, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A|