facet 16 of periodic table is Sulfur with atomic number 16, atomic load 32.065. Sulfur, price S, has a Face focused Orthorhombic structure and Yellow color. Sulfur is a other nonmetal element. Trivial surname of Sulfur is chalcogens*. Recognize everything around Sulfur Facts, physical Properties, chemical Properties, electronic configuration, Atomic and also Crystal Structure.


Sulfur or sulphur (see assignment differences) is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16. That is an abundant, multivalent non-metal. Under normal conditions, sulfur atoms type cyclic octatomic molecules through chemical formula S8.

You are watching: Ground state electron configuration of sulfur

Sulfur Facts

Read an essential information and also facts around element Sulfur

name Sulfur
atom Number 16
atomic Symbol S
Atomic weight 32.065
step Solid
color Yellow
Classification other nonmetal
group in regular Table 16
Group Name oxygen family
period in regular Table 3
Block in periodic Table p-block
Electronic Configuration 3s2 3p4
Melting allude 115.21 °C
Boiling suggest 444.72 °C
Electronic covering Structure <2, 8, 6>
CAS Number CAS7704-34-9

How to locate Sulfur on routine Table

Periodic table is i ordered it by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus which is very same as number of electrons. The atomic number boosts from left to right. Periodic table starts at peak left ( atom number 1) and also ends in ~ bottom right (atomic number 118). Thus you can straight look for atomic number 16 to find Sulfur on regular table.

Another way to read regular table and locate an facet is by using group number (column) and period number (row). To find Sulfur on regular table look because that cross ar of team 16 and period 3 in the modern periodic table.

explore Interactive periodic Table come Understand and also Learn Cool fads

Table of Contents

Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbital Properties
Chemical Properties
Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines
Compare Sulfur with other elements

Sulfur History

The facet Sulfur was uncovered by old china in year 500 BC in unknown location . Sulfur derived its surname from the Latin word sulphur, "fire and also brimstone"

Sulfur Presence: diversity in Nature and also Around Us

The table listed below shows the abundance of Sulfur in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and Human Body.

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
diversity in cosmos 0.0005
abundance in sunlight 0.0004
diversity in Meteorites 0.04
Abundance in Earth"s tardy 0.00042
abundance in oceans 0.00093
abundance in people 0.002

Crystal framework of Sulfur

The solid state structure of Sulfur is Face centered Orthorhombic.

The crystal structure deserve to be explained in terms of its unit Cell. The unit cell repeats itself in three dimensional an are to type the structure.

Unit cabinet Parameters

The unit cabinet is stood for in regards to its lattice parameters, which space the lengths that the cabinet edges Lattice Constants (a, b and also c)

a b c
1043.7 1284.5 2436.9 pm

and the angles in between them Lattice angle (alpha, beta and also gamma).

alpha beta gamma
π/2 π/2 π/2

The location of the atoms within the unit cell are defined by the collection of atom positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured from a reference lattice point.

The symmetry nature of the crystal are defined by the principle of space groups. All feasible symmetric species of particles in three-dimensional room are explained by the 230 space groups (219 distinctive types, or 230 if chiral duplicates are thought about distinct.

space Group name Fddd
room Group Number 70
Crystal structure Face centered Orthorhombic

Sulfur Atomic and Orbital Properties

Sulfur atoms have 16 electrons and also the digital shell framework is <2, 8, 6> through Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 3P2.

atomic Number 16
Number of electron (with no charge) 16
Number of Protons 16
Mass Number 32
Number the Neutrons 16
Shell framework (Electrons per energy level) <2, 8, 6>
Electron construction 3s2 3p4
Valence Electrons 3s2 3p4
Oxidation State -2;-1 1;2;3;4;5;6
Atomic ax Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 3P2

Shell framework of Sulfur - electron per power level


Ground State electronic Configuration that Sulfur - neutral Sulfur atom

The ground state electronic configuration of Neutral Sulfur atom is 3s2 3p4. The section of Sulfur configuration that is tantamount to the noble gas that the preceding period, is abbreviated as . Because that atoms with numerous electrons, this notation can become prolonged and therefore an abbreviated notation is used.This is necessary as it is the Valence electrons 3s2 3p4, electrons in the outermost shell that identify the chemical properties of the element.

See more: What Is 45/4 As A Mixed Number, Convert 45/4 To A Mixed Number

Unabbreviated digital configuration that neutral Sulfur

Complete floor state electronic configuration because that the Sulfur atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p4

Atomic structure of Sulfur

Sulfur atomic radius is 88 pm, if it"s covalent radius is 102 pm.

atom Radius

88 pm (0.88 Å)

Atomic Volume 16.3596938776 cm3
Covalent Radius 102 pm (1.02 Å)
van der Waals Radius 180 pm
neutron Cross section 0.52 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum the Sulfur


Sulfur chemical Properties: Sulfur Ionization Energies and also electron affinity

The electron affinity that Sulfur is 200 kJ/mol

Valence 6
Electronegativity 2.58
ElectronAffinity 200 kJ/mol

Ionization energy of Sulfur

Refer come table below for Ionization energies the Sulfur

Ionization power number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 999.6
2 2252
3 3357
4 4556
5 7004.3
6 8495.8
7 27107
8 31719
9 36621
10 43177

Sulfur physics Properties

Refer to below table because that Sulfur physical Properties

thickness 1.96 g/cm3
Molar Volume 16.3596938776 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus N/A
Shear Modulus N/A
mass Modulus 7.7 GPa
Poisson ratio N/A

Hardness that Sulfur - test to measure of Hardness the Element

Mohs Hardness 2 MPa
Vickers Hardness N/A
Brinell Hardness N/A

Sulfur electric Properties

Sulfur is Insulator that electricity. Refer to table listed below for the electrical properties that Sulfur

electric Conductivity 1×10-15 S/m
Resistivity 1×1015 m Ω
Superconducting suggest N/A

Sulfur Heat and Conduction Properties

thermal Conductivity 0.205 W/(m K)
Thermal development N/A

Sulfur Magnetic Properties

Magnetic form Diamagnetic
Curie suggest N/A
mass Magnetic Susceptibility -6.2×10-9
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility -1.99×10-10
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility -1.22e-05

Optical nature of Sulfur

Refractive table of contents 1.001111

Acoustic properties of Sulfur

speed of Sound N/A

Sulfur thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

Refer come table below for heat properties of Sulfur

Melting point 388.36 K (115.21 °C)
Boiling allude 717.87 K (444.72 °C)
critical Temperature 1314 K
Superconducting allude N/A

Enthalpies the Sulfur

heat of fusion 1.73 kJ/mol
warmth of Vaporization 9.8 kJ/mol
warm of burning "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A" J/(kg K)

Sulfur isotopes - nuclear Properties of Sulfur

Isotopes of rhodium. Naturally arising Sulfur has 4 steady isotope - 32S, 33S, 34S, 36S.

Isotope Isotope mass % variety T half Decay mode
32S 94.93% stable N/A
33S 0.76% secure N/A
34S 4.29% secure N/A
36S 0.02% secure N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7704-34-9
RTECS Number RTECSWS4250000, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A
period Hazard course N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A
period Numbers "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A"
EU Number N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A
NFPA Fire Rating N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A
NFPA perils N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A
NFPA health Rating N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A
NFPA Reactivity Rating N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A
Autoignition point N/A
Flashpoint N/A

Database Search

perform of distinctive identifiers to find the facet in various chemical registry databases

Database id number
CAS Number - chemistry Abstracts business (CAS) CAS7704-34-9
CID Number CID5362487, CID5460602, CID139340, CID139602, CID66348, CID66348
Gmelin Number N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A
NSC Number N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A
RTECS Number RTECSWS4250000, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A

Compare Sulfur with all Group 16 elements

Sulfur vs Oxygen Sulfur vs Selenium Sulfur vs Tellurium Sulfur vs Polonium Sulfur vs Livermorium

Compare Sulfur with all other nonmetal elements

Sulfur vs Hydrogen Sulfur vs Carbon Sulfur vs Nitrogen Sulfur vs Oxygen Sulfur vs Phosphorus Sulfur vs Selenium