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You are watching: How did greek actors change roles

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Masks

Masks served several necessary purposes in old Greek theater: their exaggerated expression helped define the personalities the actors were playing; they enabled actors come play much more than one function (or gender); they aided audience members in the far-off seats view and, through projecting sound somewhat choose a tiny megaphone, also hear the characters better. In a tragedy, masks were much more life-like; in a comedy or satyr play, masks were ugly and grotesque. Masks were created out of lightweight materials such together wood, linen, cork, and also sometimes real hair. Unfortunately, they lacked durability, and also none has survived.


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Costumes

Costumes, along with masks and also props, assisted indicate the social status, gender, and age that a character. Athenian personalities wore much more elaborate, decorated version of everyday clothing, such together a tunic or undergarment (chitôn or peplos), a coat or over-garment (himation). Costumes for personalities that were non-Athenians were more outlandish. Tragic actors wore buskins (raised communication shoes) to signify superior status, if comic gibbs wore level socks. When illustrating women, actors wore human body stockings, v a progastreda and also a prosterneda to make their bodies appear feminine. Part plays even dubbed for actors to wear pet costumes.




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Props

In enhancement to masks, actors additionally used props to produce a character. These can be a crown to represent a king; a lyre because that a musician; a walking stick to suggest age; a caduceus for a messenger; spears and helmets to imply military men. A "props-maker" (skeuopoios) would develop and carry out these to the actors. Props can likewise be supplied for symbolism, together in the red carpet Agamemnon to walk on when he returns house from war, signifying the blood he spilled at Troy.


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distinct Props

Ekkyklêma—Literally, "wheel out," a large wheeled platform that might be rolled the end to display screen scenes that had taken place past the view of the spectators (usually the results of violent acts because those never ever took place on stage).

Mêchanê/Krane—Literally, "machine," a crane-like machine used to lift actors, enabling performers to appear in the wait or come enter drastically from behind the skene (which was a common an approach of illustrating the gods).