Known for wealthy deposits the gold, Nubia was also the gateway with which luxury assets like incense, ivory, and ebony traveled from their resource in sub-Saharan Africa come the worlds of Egypt and the Mediterranean.

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Archers of exceptional skill noted the army strength because that Nubian rulers. Emperors of Nubia at some psnucongo.orgnt conquered and ruled Egypt for around a century.

Monuments quiet stand—in modern Egypt and also Sudan—at the sites where Nubian rulers built cities, temples, and also royal pyramids.


Nubians stayed in the central Nile valley

African civilization from what is currently the Sahara began to move toward the Nile in Nubia by about 5000 BC. They carried with them the art of making pottery. Originally herdsmen and also hunters of large animals, castle eventually became fishermen and farmers. End time, brand-new people moved into the region from the south, so that Nubia’s populace was frequently a diverse mix of afri peoples.

The flow was a lifeline


Many Nubians lived along the Nile which curved northward through the desert. Farmers grew grains, peas, lentils, dates, and also possibly melons. However especially important were your herds that cattle, a measure of wealth and also social status. In the deserts, Nubians mined carnelian and also gold, as well as other mineral resources. Bartering cattle, gold, carnelian, ivory, animal skins, hardwood, incense, and also dates, Nubians traded through the Egyptians, their next-door neighbors to the north, for grain, vegetable snucongo.orgls, wine, beer, linen, and other manufactured goods.

Archaeology and history reveal Nubia

Most information around ancient Nubia come from historical excavation and from the study of monuments and rock art found there. But the art and also writing of Nubians and also of peoples modern-day with them also give necessary evidence. Records of old Egypt phone call much around the history of Nubia, documenting a lengthy and complex relationship in between the 2 lands. Monuments and also texts in the Egyptian language left by the Nubian kings, who became pharaohs the Egypt’s 25th Dynasty roughly 750 BC, also carry out an substantial record. Nubians emerged alphabetic composing systems about 200 BC during the Mersnucongo.orgtic period. The Mersnucongo.orgtic language is tho not understood well enough to read more than words and phrases, yet much documentation top top Mersnucongo.orgtic Nubia have the right to be uncovered in the art and literature that Greece and Rome, whose realms touched ~ above the boundaries of Nubia after 330 BC.

The names of Nubia

Nubia is a name that came right into use in the roman period

The origin of the surname Nubia is obscure. Some have linked it to nwb, the ancient Egyptian word because that gold. Others affix it with the hatchet Noubades, the Greek name for people who moved right into northern Nubia sometime in the 4th century AD.

Nubia was recognized as Kush for 2000 years

For much of antiquity, the an ar south the the first cataract the the Nile was referred to as Kush. The name is well-known from ancient Egyptian, classical, and biblical texts. Whether it mirrors an aboriginal term is no known. The Kushites developed an effective kingdoms. The an initial was centered at Kerma (2000–1650 BC). The later on kingdom had resources at Napata (800–270 BC) and also Meroe (270 BC–370 AD).

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Some Nubian cultures are well-known by historical names

A-Group, C-Group, X-Group, and Kerma (the surname of a modern-day town close to the historical site of the early on Kushite kingdom) space names archaeologists assigned to cultures they excavated in Nubia.