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The cassowary is usually thought about to it is in the world’s most dangerous bird, at the very least where people are concerned, back ostriches and also emus can likewise be dangerous.

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Cassowary (Queensland, Australia). Photo by Gilles Rolland-Monnett on Unsplash.com.

Cassowaries space shy and also they are usually hard to spot, at least in their natural rain forest habitats. They are not too many aggressive, and also attacks are rare. Yet they deserve to do a lot of of damages if they are provoked or angered. Cassowary assaults have periodically been deadly, including a recent one which developed in 2019, at a exclusive collection the caged birds in Florida.

Cassowaries are indigenous to north Australia, new Guinea, and surrounding islands. The family members Casuariidae includes three living cassowary species, every one of the genus Casuarius:

Casuarius casuarius. The southern, or double-wattled cassowary, with a glowing blue head, 2 red wattles, and black feathers, is the biggest of the cassowaries. Your habitat is the lowland rainforest, and occasionally snucongo.orgk are discovered in eucalyptus woodlands or forested swamps. Casuarius unappendiculatus. The north Cassowary, likewise known together the single-wattled cassowary, inhabits the seaside swamps and lowland tropical of northern new Guinea. Casuarius bennetti. The dwarf cassowary is smaller sized than the other two varieties of cassowary, generally weighing about 50 pounds. Your habitat is in ~ a higher altitude, and they room generally found in more steep like the mountain terrain.
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A complimentary ranging southern Cassowary (Casuarius casuarius) in ~ Etty Bay, north Queensland, Australia. 2016. Picture by Summerdrought on Wikimedia Commons.

It’s not difficult to imagine the cassowaries are descended from dinosaur ancestors. The largest cassowaries deserve to stand as high as six feet and also weigh approximately 160 pounds. These huge birds cannot fly, yet their extremely an effective legs propel them at good speeds. They are solid swimmers and also can move easily on both land and water. Cassowaries have actually been csnucongo.orgked to run as fast as 31 miles per hour with the rain forest. Their an effective legs also aid them jump high, up to 7 feet straight into the air. Your legs are also used because that delivering solid kicks, and also they have the right to use your sharp dagger-like claws, as much as 4 customs long, come slice and also puncture any animal that is a threat, including humans.

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Cassowary.In Our life world; new York, S. Hess, 1885. Biodiversity heritage Library.

The favourite food of cassowaries is collapse fruit that the rain forest, and also their claws come in handy because that scraping increase the fruit from the woodland floor. Yet they will certainly eat other foods items too, including insects, snails, fungi and sometimes dead animals. snucongo.orgk can also catch fish by sit in a stream and spreading your feathers to form a type of net.

Female cassowaries lay their eggs in a swarm on the forest floor. There room usually around three egg in the nest, and the male sits on them for around 50 days until they hatch. A cassowary egg have the right to weigh about the very same as 10 typical chicken eggs!

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Egg the Casuarius Bennetti. Proceedings the the Zoological culture of London. 1860. Biodiversity heritage Library.

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Cassowaries room culturally vital for some indigenous groups, and also they sometimes attribute in traditional ceremonies, dances and also Dreamtime narratives. Numerous of this indigenous groups are now affiliated in cassowary conservation, using classic ecological expertise along with modern science.