A Betrothal is one engagement or a promise come wed. In Elizabethan England, most marital relationships were arranged. Despite it was no advisable, with parental permission girls could marry at the tender age of 12 and boys at 14. The most suitable age was yet considered to be 18 because that girls and 21 because that boys.

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For lesser noble family members the average period for marriage varied between 25 come 26 because that men and women 23 since they required time to get established and support their families.

In noble and also rich family members the case was very grave. Kids were married an extremely young sometimes at the period of 7 or 8 since they can not support themselves and depended specifically on their parent’s decision.

Betrothal was favor a marriage contract between the couple which was signed both by the bride and groom who gave their consent to gain engaged. Throughout Betrothal, the boy gives a ring to the girl that wears it in her ideal hand at the time of engagement, which again will be put in her left hand at the moment of marriage. The Betrothal is resolved with the bride’s dowry and also the husband’s share of property and cash throughout the union. After marriage, the bride takes over she husband’s surname.


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Betrothal Ceremony

Termination of Betrothal

Both the parties can terminate the contract by common consent. The contract can be terminated for infidelity, significant ailment, and change in religion, shared separation, hostility or enmity. In together cases, the boy has to give earlier all the gifts, ring or tokens taken during the time that engagement. However, if there to be consummation before the marriage, the wedding cannot be dubbed off.

Love and also Marriage

Marriages to be arranged by parents, friends, and also families. The was taken into consideration to be highly unwise to fall in love in those times. In the lower section of the society, marital relationships were i ordered it mostly between friends and also known neighbours and there was scope because that choice. However in noble families, the was not the case. Children and wives were taken into consideration the residential or commercial property of their husbands and they obeyed “The man of the house” without any kind of refute. Men and women to be both meant to marry in ~ the appropriate age and take fee of their very own home.

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Marriage in Elizabethan Times

Widows to be entitled come one-third of their husband’s residential property if he has actually heirs. It was advisable for widows to remarry and also take treatment of her children. A widower could additionally get married especially if he has actually children. However, he has to wait because that a month before doing so. This waiting duration is called “a month’s mind”. Divorce was extremely daunting at the time and also one had to walk to the conference to acquire it.

Naming the Baby

Using center names to be not renowned at that time. Lock did not use the word Junior for children, however, they offered the word “the Younger”. In the case of Monarchs, they offered the indigenous “The 3rd or The Second”. Nicknames were frequently given to children, friends or servants prefer “Jack”, “Kate or Kitty”, “Bess”, etc. The most common names because that girls at the time to be Elizabeth, mar or Margaret, Jane, Joan, Bridget or Katherine. Because that boys, it was John, William, Robert, Henry, Hugh, Thomas, Walter among the few.


Parents regularly used the very same name for their newborn in memory of your deceased child. Youngsters were frequently named after their grandparents. Christian babies were named after their relatives and also Godparents.

Children and also Childhood

During the Elizabethan era, the childhood life to be sheltered and there were personalizeds even to be followed by children. Boys were the only one that was permitted to beat outside and also girls mainly stayed in ~ home and helped your mothers. Boys wore apparel which looked prefer skirts until the period of six. Boys can wear trousers from the period of 3 to 7 under the sole discretion of their mother or the governess. This was commemorated by the family as a coming of age event and also was well-known as “breeching”. For the very first 6 to 12 months, infants were wrapped in sheets of clothing or blankets referred to as swaddling bands.

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The Breeching Ceremony

There were provisions versus illegitimate children where they might not inherit property, marry or carry out things choose a common child. Youngsters from noble families were teach disciplines and also manners which were to be followed with utmost sincerity or else would be punished.

Heirs and also Inheritance

The Elizabethan culture was masculine dominant. The eldest son was the legit heir to the property including its debts. The oldest son owned the family title also if there to be an older girl child. The heritage is additionally liable for the daughter’s dowry.

In the case of deceased parents, the minor heir is taken treatment of through the Crown. The Crown will look ~ his education and upbringing until he will the age of 21. Frequently the heir’s next of kin or a household friend buys “the marital relationship rights” the the heir and also takes care of him together a family. The mom is also entitled to keep those rights. The heir must sue the Crown for his civil liberties of inheritance once he come of age. In case of heiress if she has no brothers she becomes the sole owner of the property. In situation of one illegitimate child, a royal decree deserve to only award him his rights.

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Heirs and Inheritance in Elizabethan Era

Wedding Customs

Brides can wear any kind of colour for your wedding dress. White-coloured gowns were not so renowned until the 19th century. It to be not vital to undertake a brand-new dress. Brides from humble backgrounds regularly would wash and also clean their ideal gowns and also decorate them with flowers and ribbons. Brides would wear flowers in she hair. The entire expense of wedding was borne through the bride’s father. In bad families, the cost was regularly shared through the neighbours and also the regional church v fund-raising events.

“Crying the Banns” is a notice that is provided to the parish church for three subsequent Sundays heralding the intentionally of marital relationship otherwise it would certainly be considered as illegal and also void.

The bridesmaids assist the bride to gain ready for her big day. All the families and friends indigenous both the brides and also the groom’s side gather together in a procession and also reach the parish church. The wedding takes place before the altar in a spiritual ceremony and also is conducted by a minister.

In noble families, the wedding contract is signed in the job of the marital relationship pertaining come the terms of dowry and jointure.

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Marriage Ceremony

The marriage Ring

The wedding ring is worn in ~ the left-hand ring finger. Diamonds were popular amongst noble families. There to be mottoes which to be inscribed top top the exterior of the band through messages like “Forever” “With everlasting Love” etc mostly done in Latin or French. Puzzle ring were very popular which had actually interlocking bands.

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A Wedding Ring

In the lesser privileged part of the society, marriages were done even without rings. Occasionally rings were passed under by generations and it conserved the cost. Widows did not wear rings as they were considered as no much longer married.