Element Mercury - Hg

Comprehensive data on the chemical facet Mercury is provided on this page; including scores the properties, element names in plenty of languages, most known nuclides the Mercury. Common chemical compounds are also detailed for numerous elements. In enhancement technical state are connected to their definitions and also the menu consists of links to related short articles that are a great aid in one"s studies.

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Mercury Menu

Mercury page OneOverview of MercuryMercury"s name in other LanguagesAtomic framework of MercuryChemical nature of MercuryPhysical nature of MercuryRegulatory / HealthWho/When/Where/HowMercury page TwoNuclides / IsotopesPotential parental NuclidesMercury page ThreeCommon chemical Compounds that Mercury

Overview the Mercury

Atomic Number: 80Group: 12Period: 6Series: transition Metals

Mercury"s surname in various other Languages

Latin: HydrargyrumCzech: Rtut´Croatian: ŽivaFrench: MercureGerman: Quecksilber - eItalian: MercurioNorwegian: KvikksølvPortuguese: MercúrioRussian: РгутьSpanish: MercurioSwedish: KvicksilverAtomic structure of MercuryAtomic Radius: 1.76ÅAtomic Volume: 14.82cm3/molCovalent Radius: 1.49ÅCross Section (Thermal neutron Capture) σa/barns: 374Crystal Structure: Rhombohedral
Electron Configuration:1s2 2s2p6 3s2p6d10 4s2p6d10f14 5s2p6d10 6s2Electrons per energy Level: 2,8,18,32,18,2Shell Model
Ionic Radius:
1.02ÅFilling Orbital: 5d10 Number of electron (with no charge): 80Number of neutrons (most common/stable nuclide): 121Number that Protons: 80Oxidation States: 2,1Valence Electrons: 6s2Electron period Model

Chemical properties of Mercury

Electrochemical Equivalent:
3.742g/amp-hrElectron occupational Function: 4.49eVElectronegativity: 2 (Pauling); 1.44 (Allrod Rochow)Heat of Fusion: 2.295kJ/molIncompatibilities:Acetylene, ammonia, chlorine dioxide, azides, calcium (amalgam formation), salt carbide, lithium, rubidium, copperIonization PotentialFirst: 10.437Second: 18.759Third: 34.202Valence Electron Potential (-eV): 28.2

Physical properties of Mercury

Atomic mass Average: 200.59Boiling Point: 630K 357°C 675°FCoefficient the lineal thermal expansion/K-1: 181E-6 ConductivityElectrical: 0.0104 106/cm ΩThermal: 0.0834 W/cmKDensity: 13.546g/cc
300KDescription:Silver colored liquid change metal.Elastic Modulus:Bulk: 25/GPaEnthalpy of Atomization: 61.5 kJ/mole
25°CEnthalpy the Fusion: 2.29 kJ/moleEnthalpy of Vaporization: 56.9 kJ/moleFlammablity Class: Noncombustible LiquidFreezing Point: see melt pointHardness ScaleMohs: 1.5Heat that Vaporization: 59.229kJ/molMelting Point: 234.43K -38.72°C -37.7°FMolar Volume: 14.81 cm3/moleOptical Reflectivity: 73%Optical Refractive Index: 1.000933Physical State (at 20°C & 1atm): LiquidSpecific Heat: 0.139J/gKVapor Pressure = 0.0002Pa

Regulatory / Health

CAS Number7439-97-6UN/NA ID and also ERG overview Number2809 / 172RTECS: OV4550000OSHA permit Exposure limit (PEL)Ceiling: 0.1 mg/m3OSHA PEL Vacated 1989TWA: 0.05 mg/m3Ceiling: 0.1 mg/m3Potential for skin absorptionNIOSH recommended Exposure border (REL)TWA: 0.05 mg/m3Ceiling: 0.1 mg/m3Potential for skin absorptionIDLH: 10 mg/m3 Routes that Exposure: Inhalation; Skin absorption; Ingestion; Skin and/or eye contactTarget Organs: Eyes, skin, respiratory system, main nervous system, kidneysLevels In Humans:Note: this data represents naturally occuring level of aspects in the typical human, the DOES NOT stand for recommended daily allowances.Blood/mg dm-3: 0.0078Bone/p.p.m: 0.45Liver/p.p.m: 0.018-3.7Muscle/p.p.m: 0.02-0.7Daily dietary Intake: 0.004-0.02 mgTotal fixed In Avg. 70kg human: 6 mg

Who / where / as soon as / How

Discoverer: known to old civilizationDiscovery Location: UnknownDiscovery Year: UnknownName Origin:From the Greek god Mercury who was the messenger to the gods and was known for his speed; Hg native mercury"s Latin surname Hydrargyrum, which comes from the Greek word "hydrargyros" ("hydor" for water and "argyros" because that silver).Abundance the Mercury:Earth"s Crust/p.p.m.: 0.05Seawater/p.p.m.: Atlantic Suface: 4.9E-07Atlantic Deep: 4.9E-07Pacific Surface: 3.3E-07Pacific Deep: 3.3E-07Atmosphere/p.p.m.: N/ASun (Relative come H=1E12): 125Sources of Mercury:Most mercury comes from cinnabar ore. Annual world manufacturing is roughly 8,400 tons. Major mining locations are Spain, Italy, Yugoslavia.Uses of Mercury:Used in thermometers, barometers, fluorescent lamps and batteries.Additional Notes:Causes neurological and also kidney damage and blindness. Additionally associated v birth defects. Very damaging to aquatic life. The is uncovered in paint, batteries, thermometers, electric equipment, fluorescent lights and also plastics. Also used in gold mining industry. Batteries account because that 88% of the mercury contents in municipal heavy waste.

Mercury Menu

Mercury web page OneOverview that MercuryMercury"s name in various other LanguagesAtomic structure of MercuryChemical nature of MercuryPhysical properties of MercuryRegulatory / HealthWho/When/Where/HowMercury web page TwoNuclides / IsotopesPotential parental NuclidesMercury page ThreeCommon chemical Compounds the Mercury


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