Weight deserve to be a aspect when selecting a particular plywood product and also thickness for a project. The more heavier the plywood, the stronger the structure essential to assistance it. This no an problem in plenty of cases, as the structure is much more than sufficient to organize the weight. But if you’re no careful, girlfriend could reason yourself significant problems, since you didn’t prevent to ensure that the structure deserve to hold the plywood’s weight. It can also be a aspect in your building and construction process, as carrying heavy sheets that plywood increase ladders or scaffolding have the right to be daunting and dangerous.

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What provides plywood heavier than its indistinguishable in hard wood products is the plywood’s density. This greater density usually comes from the kind of lumber that is supplied to comprise the main point veneers. In addition, all the veneers of the plywood space bonded along with a rosin adhesive, i m sorry usually has actually a higher density 보다 the hardwood veneer does. Put together, we obtain an in its entirety density that surpasses all but the densest of hardwoods.

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Due come the difference in manufacturing methods because that the miscellaneous plywood products, different sheets from various mills deserve to vary substantially in weight. This distinction is developed mostly through the quantity of materials and/or glues supplied to organize the timber together, together they can be significantly heavier 보다 the lumber or timber fibers. Therefore, the higher the percentage of adhesive or resin discovered in the plywood product, the higher the in its entirety weight the the plywood.

Considering the a complete sheet the plywood deserve to weigh upwards the 80 pounds, care must it is in taken when working through it, specifically when functioning alone. Improper taking care of of plywood can cause severe ago injuries, incapacitating you because that a substantial amount the time.

Softwood plywood load chart

Let’s start with the most typical plywood product, softwood plywood. The APA (American Plywood Association) has actually created style specifications because that the manufacturing of various plywood products. In it, they state that softwood plywood have to weigh around 3 pounds every square foot, per inch of thickness. Yes, really plywood sheets sweet slightly less, together the specification is because that pre-sanded sheets. As lot as 1/32” of in its entirety thickness can be lost in the sanding process. The organization offers a bunch of technical information and also educative content.To compare and visualize the distinction in weight and also thickness, look in ~ the complying with tables below.

ThicknessActual Weight
1/4”22 lbs
3/8”28.5 lbs
1/2”40.6 lbs
5/8”48 lbs
3/4”60.8 lbs
1-1/8”84.5 lbs

In the following chart, we’re going to compare the weight of various other plywood assets to Softwood plywood. For the sake of simplicity, we’re only going to compare 1/2” special plywood. Click to sort by plywood load or percentage.

Plywood Type:Weight per SheetPercentage(compared come Softwood)
Softwood Plywood40.6 lbs100%
Hardwood Plywood45 lbs111%
Marine Plywood50 lbs123%
Particle Board61 lbs150%
MDF66.7 lbs164%
MDO37.5 lbs92%
OSB47 lbs116%
ApplePly35 lbs86%
Baltic Birch48 lbs118%

Note the weight might greatly impact the price. Weight chart is very closely related come the price chart.

Based top top these two tables, we have the right to now number the load for a selection of plywood varieties and thicknesses, presented in the table below, in ascending bespeak of weight. Softwood plywood is highlighted, as it is the standard that every little thing else is compared to.

Softwood plywood2228.540.64860.884.5
Hardwood plywood *24.431.645.153.367.593.8
Baltic Birch2633.647.956.671.799.7
Marine plywood27.135.149.95974.8103.9
Particle board3342.860.97291.2126.8

*Hardwood plywood have the right to actually vary considerably in weight and also density, as result of the particular construction that the plywood. A selection of different core constructions and also materials are used, bring about these variations. Because that example, hardwood plywood made v a birch core, has a thickness of in between 650 and 700 kilograms every cubic meter, while one more sheet that plywood which seems the same, yet has a poplar core, will have actually a thickness of between 500 and 530 kilograms every cubic meter.

Please note that this chart doesn’t sheathe HDF (High thickness Fiberboard), otherwise recognized as hardboard, simply due to the fact that it is just sold in diluent sheets than other plywood products. The high density of this product makes it more heavier than most other plywood products of the very same weight.

Hardboard panel weight chart

ThicknessWeight (lbs.)

Weight calculator

After choosing the type of wood, please get in thickness, width and also length with appropriate units of measure up (inch, foot, millimeter, centimeter, meter) in bespeak to calculate weight. Outcomes in pounds and also kilos room available. Essential note: as wood thickness varies depending on components of moisture, tolerances for actual weight might vary by as lot as 20%. If you wish to usage this calculator on her website, please call us.

Alder Alder, high moisture Apple Apple, high humidity Ash, white Ash, black color Aspen Balsa Bamboo Bamboo, high moisture Basswood Basswood, high humidity Beech Beech, high humidity Birch Butternut Cedar, western Red Cherry Cherry, high humidity Chestnut Cottonwood Cypress Dogwood Douglas Fir Ebony Ebony, high humidity Elm Gum, black color red Gum, blue Hackberry Hickory Hickory, high humidity Holly Juniper Larch Lignum Vitae Locust Logwood Luan, Philippine Red Madrone Magnolia Mahogany, afri Mahogany, african high humidity Mahogany, Cuba Honduras Mahogany, Spanish Maple Maple, high moisture MDF, irradiate MDF, hefty Myrtle Oak Oak, high moisture Oak, English American OSB, typical OSB, light OSB, heavy Pear Pear, high humidity Pecan Persimmon Pine, key Pine, white yellow Pine, white high humidity Pine, yellow high humidity Plum Poplar Poplar, high humidity Redwood, American Redwood, europe Rosewood, Bolivian Rosewood, east Indian Satinwood Spruce Spruce, high moisture Spruce, Canadian Norway Sitka Sycamore Sycamore, high humidity Tanguile Teak, Burma India Teak, afri Walnut Walnut, Claro Walnut, europe Water gum pasture Willow, high humidity Zebrawood

Plywood weight to strength

It is herbal to think that the load of plywood impacts its strength; but this is untrue. Because the major weight in any kind of plywood product is from the rosin and also adhesive offered in the manufacture, greater weight merely suggests that the plywood in concern has more rosin in it and less hardwood fiber. Because it is the timber fiber that provides the plywood its strength, a lower percentage of lumber fiber renders a weaker plywood product.

The actual toughness of anything developed out of plywood is due to a mix of things, including the form of plywood used and the thickness of the plywood. Yet even an ext important than that, is the way that the plywood is supported. Without appropriate support, most plywood assets can’t assistance a long span of their very own weight, without sagging.

One the the easiest means of sustaining a item of plywood, i m sorry is being supplied as a shelf, is to attach a piece of 1”x 2”, 1”x 4” or a strip of reduced plywood, to the edge of the shelf, mounted at 90 levels to the surface ar of the shelf itself. This moves the upright centerline the the shelf to the center of that included on piece. That, in turn, means that the bulk of the product is relocated away from that centerline, where it have the right to fight against sagging better. Two such pieces, attached to both the prior and back edges do the shelf even stronger.

This enhancement of product perpendicular to the surface ar of the shelf will certainly do much more to make a shelf stronger, than including additional supports. At the very same time, you don’t end up v the room problem that those supports can cause, getting in the way of everything you want to save on that shelf.

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Cart with lifter for heavy plywood

As you can see from the chart above, the J-Hook is exceptionally simple, consist of of a item of plywood, v a spacer and also lip attached at the bottom end. 2 door or cabinet hinges or a single piano hinge are offered to affix it to the side of the cart. The mounting need to be set so the the height of the lift will be flush v the peak of the cart, as soon as it is lifted horizontally.

The other important information is to do the size of the background such the the paper of plywood ends up focused on your cart, once lifted to the upright position. A notch for your hand, in the center of the J-Hook, will certainly make it simpler to work with.

To load a piece of plywood come the horizontal, an initial lock the casters top top the cart, so it won’t move. Then set the paper in the the in the J-Hook, centering it. Finally, waver the J-Hook as much as the horizontal, setting the paper of plywood, centered, ~ above the cart. As soon as it is collection on the cart, the J-Hook deserve to be permitted to fall ago down to the next of the cart.

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Clamp it because that assembly

Sometime in just around any plywood project, there will be a time as soon as you have to affix two pieces with each other at a right angle. Hold those two pieces together, by yourself, if drilling and also screwing the pieces with each other is difficult enough to try the patience of a job. Yet you deserve to make that project a breeze, with a an easy jig and some little ratcheting bar clamps.

Jig through two pieces of plywood

The jig is composed of two pieces that scrap plywood, screwed together to make a appropriate angle (90 degrees). A couple of triangle of scrap plywood space attached between them, spaced out as presented in the leftmost see in the diagram. That is critical that the 90 degree edge on these 2 triangular piece be specifically 90 degrees, together they will pull the two main pieces to fulfill them. Examine it with a great square to make sure that you’re getting exactly 90 degrees, or this jig will finish up make your jobs out the square.

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I’ve acquired a few different jigs prefer this, in various sizes, in mine workshop. They can be attached to the bench height with clamps, then have the pieces I’m functioning on clamped to them or on larger projects they can be clamped to 2 pieces that I need to clamp together. In one of two people case, castle provide fantastic way of hold the 2 pieces of plywood in position, while they space being joined together.