Here are answers to some typically asked questions about our namesake, Benjamin Franklin.
You are watching: If you ask people to rank their favorite pastimes, you are asking for
When was Benjamin Franklin born?Benjamin Franklin was born ~ above Sunday, January 17, 1706, in Boston, Massachusetts, which was then a british colony. His birthplace is in ~ 17 Milk Street.
Who to be Benjamin Franklin"s parents?Benjamin Franklin"s parents were Josiah Franklin and Abiah Folger. Josiah Franklin was born in Northamptonshire, England, in 1657, and also came come the nests in 1682. He operated as a candle and soap device in Boston. Abiah Folger to be from Nantucket, Massachusetts.
Did Benjamin Franklin have any type of siblings?Benjamin Franklin had actually 16 siblings. His father, Josiah, had seven kids with his snucongo.orgrst wife, anne Child, and 10 much more with Abiah Folger. Ben to be Josiah"s 15th child and his youngest son.
Where walk Benjamin Franklin walk to school?Benjamin Franklin"s father wanted Ben to become a preacher, so he sent out him to grammar school once he was eight years old. After less than a year, for snucongo.orgnancial reasons, Ben transferred to Mr. George Brownell"s college for writing and arithmetic. He continued to be at the new school till he to be ten, doing well in writing and also badly in arithmetic. He climate left college to work with his dad in your candle shop. Ben"s further education and learning came native his own reading and also lifelong conversation and debate through his friends.
What did Benjamin Franklin desire to be when he flourished up?From his college days on, Benjamin Franklin want to be a sailor. His dad did no approve, because an older son, Josiah, had gone to sea and also never returned. Since reading to be Ben"s favorite pastime, his father determined on the profession of printing and also sent Ben to learn in his enlarge brother"s to press shop. Ben continued this learning in Philadelphia and England and also eventually collection up his own printing business in Philadelphia.
Was Benjamin Franklin a Quaker?Benjamin Franklin was not a Quaker. That was baptized on the day he to be born at the Old southern Church"s Cedar Meeting residence on downtown Washington Street, Boston. In Philadelphia, he sometimes worshiped in ~ Christ Church, the Church that England parish created in early american Philadelphia in 1695 and later reorganized into the protestant Episcopal Church in the United says of America.
Did Benjamin Franklin gain married?In September 1730, Benjamin Franklin gotten in into a common-law marriage with Deborah check out Rogers. She snucongo.orgrst husband had abandoned her and disappeared, therefore she was not able to obtain a divorce and ofsnucongo.orgcially remarry. Deborah ran a general store in the same Philadelphia structure as Ben’s printing shop. She died of a punch in 1774 and also is buried next to Ben in the cemetery the Christ Church.
Did Benjamin Franklin have children?Benjamin Franklin had actually three children. William, born about 1730, was his illegitimate kid with one unknown woman. The was raised by Ben and also his wife, Deborah. He continued to be loyal to the brother crown and also became royal governor of brand-new Jersey. Ben"s second son, Francis, to be born in 1732. He passed away of smallpox at period four. Ben"s daughter, Sarah, was born in 1743. She married and had seven children.
Did Benjamin Franklin have grandchildren?Benjamin Franklin had eight grandchildren. His son William had actually one son, William temple Franklin. And daughter sarah Franklin Bache had seven children: Benjamin, William, Betsy, Louis, Deborah, Richard, and also Sarah.
Where go Benjamin Franklin live together an adult?In Philadelphia, Benjamin Franklin lived and also worked top top the 300 block of industry Street.
What go Benjamin Franklin look at like?In Carl van Doren"s 1938 book, Benjamin Franklin for which he winner the Pulitzer compensation he writes:
"No particular early likeness of him survives, yet what he outwardly was once he returned to Philadelphia might be imagined backwards from later on portraits and various chance notes ~ above his personal appearance. Strongly built, rounded favor a swimmer or a wrestler, not angular like a runner, he to be snucongo.orgve feet nine or ten customs tall, with a large head and square, deft hands. His hair was blond or light brown, his eyes grey, full, and also steady, his mouth large and humorous v a pointed top lip. His garments was as clean as it was plain. Despite he and others to speak he was unconvinced in speech, he to be prompt in action."
What jobs did Benjamin Franklin hold?Before becoming connected with politics, Benjamin Franklin owned a printing shop in Philadelphia. Despite he retired from printing in 1747, he ongoing to get prosnucongo.orgts native the shop. He additionally served together postmaster that Philadelphia and co-deputy postmaster the British north America. In 1775, he became the snucongo.orgrst postmaster general of the united States.
What go Benjamin Franklin invent?Benjamin Franklin’s lengthy list that inventions includes bifocals, the lightning rod, the glass armonica, a library chair, swim snucongo.orgns, a long-reach device, the Franklin stove, and also the catheter.Swim snucongo.orgns: an avid swimmer, Ben emerged early swimming snucongo.orgns. As a boy, he fashioned 2 oval wooden palettes with thumb holes. Through one on each hand, that paddled with water, observing that they aided him come swim faster. The later developed swim snucongo.orgns to alleviate what he referred to as a "laborious and fatiguing operation."Franklin stove: In 1741, Ben created the Franklin stove, one iron heater that permitted people to heat their houses safely while using less wood.Bifocals: Ben’s vision deteriorated as he grew older. He love to read and also grew tired of switching in between two pairs of glasses—one that aided him come see points close, an additional to see things farther away. So he cut the lenses native both bag in half, then put fifty percent of every lens in a single frame, inventing bifocals.
What publications did Benjamin Franklin author?In his lifetime, Benjamin Franklin authored number of works. Amongst the finest known is Poor Richard’s Almanack, a yearly publication (from 1732 to 1758) composed under the pseudonym of Richard Saunders. His posthumously released autobiography, the snucongo.orgrst of its type to attain popularity, was composed from 1771 come 1790.
Did Benjamin Franklin yes, really fly a kite in a thunderstorm?Yes, follow to Franklin himself. In 1752, he tied a vital to a dragon string and took that outside during a thunderstorm. His goal to be to prove the lightning to be a kind of electricity.
Which organizations did Benjamin Franklin found?Benjamin Franklin founded the college of Pennsylvania, the American philosophical Society, Pennsylvania Hospital, and Franklin and also Marshall College.
What countries did Benjamin Franklin visit?Benjamin Franklin made several international journeys throughout his lifetime.1724-26: England, to continue training together a printer1757-62: England, acting as London representative the the Pennsylvania Assembly1764-66: England, to Craven Street, London1767: France1774: England1776-84: France; acting together an American commissioner to France, he negotiated the treaty of Alliance v France
What awards walk Benjamin Franklin receive?Benjamin Franklin was a member of countless learned societies. Amongst these were the Royal society of London, which in 1753 awarded him its reputation Copley Medal because that his work in electricity, and also the American philosophical Society, of i beg your pardon he was a founder. He received several honorary degrees, including a doctorate native St. Andrews
What were Benjamin Franklin"s pseudonyms?Throughout his lifetime, Benjamin Franklin composed under numerous pen names, including Silence Dogood, Polly Baker, and Richard Saunders.
Which political records did Benjamin Franklin sign?Benjamin Franklin stand alone as the only human to have actually signed all four of the documents that assisted to create the united States: the declaration of freedom (1776); the contract of Alliance, Amity, and Commerce through France (1778); the contract of Peace in between England, France, and the United claims (1782); and also the structure (1787). In addition, he aided to write parts of the statements of Independence and also the Constitution.
Who to be Benjamin Franklin"s friends?Benjamin Franklin enjoyed close personal and skilled relationships with quite a few of the important European thinkers of his day, such together David Hume, Joseph Priestley, Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier, and also the Marquis de Condorcet. Edward Bancroft, a physician and also naturalist (also Franklin"s secretary in Paris), Jonathan Williams, wilhelm Alexander, and also English banker cutting board Walpole were amongst others.
What walk Benjamin Franklin eat?Ben decided to end up being a vegetarian once he to be 16 year old. He prepared his very own meals, and mentions eat boiled potatoes, rice, hasty pudding, bread, raisins, and water. Conveniently snucongo.orgnishing his an easy meals gave Ben much more time for reading. He later gave up vegetarianism; during the trip from Boston to Philadelphia the ate snucongo.orgsh.
Did Benjamin Franklin have a dog?Ben"s child William reportedly owned a Newfoundland dog, surname unknown. There are two referrals in Franklin’s documents to William"s dog. Someone writing to Franklin comments the "nothing candlestick tempt me come forget her Newfoundland Dog." The second reference comes three years later on in a letter written in French. It shows that a madame De Boulainvilliers returned the dog come Franklin; it appears the dog had actually strayed. These letters, dated 1778 and also 1781, space both indigenous Franklin"s time in Paris.
Was Benjamin Franklin musical?Benjamin Franklin played several musical instruments, consisting of the violin, harp, and guitar. He additionally composed a quartet and also built his own glass armonica. This an easy instrument was played by poignant the leaf of the turn glass v dampened snucongo.orgngers.
Did Benjamin Franklin really want the turkey to be the symbol of the United claims of America?In a letter come his daughter, Benjamin Franklin wrote:
"For my own component I great the Eagle had not been chosen the representative of our country. That is a bird of negative moral character. The does not obtain his life honestly. Friend may have seen that perched on some dead tree near the river, where, as well lazy to snucongo.orgsh for himself, the watches the labor of the snucongo.orgshing Hawk; and also when the diligent Bird contends length taken a snucongo.orgsh, and is bearing it to his nest for the assistance of his mate and also young ones, the Eagle pursues him and also takes the from him. With all this injustice, the is never ever in an excellent case however like those amongst men that live through sharping & robbing the is normally poor and often very lousy. Besides he is a rank coward: The tiny King Bird not bigger than a Sparrow attacks him boldly and drives him out of the district. The is therefore by no means a proper emblem because that the brave and also honest Cincinnati that America who have actually driven all the King bird from ours country...I am on this account no displeased the the snucongo.orggure is not well-known as a Eagle, yet looks an ext like a Turkey. For the reality the Turkey is in compare a much an ext respectable bird, and withal a true original native of America . . . He is besides, though a little vain & silly, a bird that courage, and also would not hesitate to assault a grenadier that the British security who need to presume to invade his farm yard through a red coat on."
When walk Benjamin Franklin die?Benjamin Franklin passed away at age 84 ~ above April 17, 1790, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He to be born one Englishman and died one American. The reason of fatality was complications from pleurisy.
Where is Benjamin Franklin buried?Benjamin Franklin is buried in the cemetery that Christ Church, Philadelphia, next to his wife, Deborah.
Is Benjamin Franklin on any type of American money?Benjamin Franklin is ~ above the former of the $100 bill, the greatest denomination currently printed. ~ above the earlier is one illustration of freedom Hall.
What else is Benjamin Franklin recognized for?He is attributed with learning the Gulf Stream. He started the snucongo.orgrst volunteer snucongo.orgre agency in Philadelphia.He helped create the snucongo.orgrst subscription library in the Colonies, called the Library agency of Philadelphia.He purchase the struggling Pennsylvania Gazette and also made that prosnucongo.orgtable.The renowned “JOIN, or DIE.” political cartoon, i beg your pardon was published in the Gazette on may 9, 1754, has actually been attributed to Franklin.HIs testimony assisted repeal the stamp Act in 1766.He was a vocal opponent of slavery and served together president that the Pennsylvania society for promoting the Abolition that Slavery.
Did Benjamin Franklin uncover electricity?No. Electric forces had been well-known for more than a thousands years, and scientists had actually worked broadly with static electricity. Franklin confirmed the connection in between lightning and also electricity in his renowned kite experiment.
Did Benjamin Franklin really fly a dragon in a thunderstorm?Yes, follow to an account created by his contemporary, a brothers scientist named Joseph Priestley. Franklin himself wrote around the experiment in the Pennsylvania Gazette—even providing directions for re-creating it.
See more: When Capsized And Floating On Your Back In A Swift River Current, How Should You Position Your Feet
What to be Benjamin Franklin’s kite experiment?Franklin want to prove the lightning was a type of electricity, so he flew a kite v a key attached throughout a thunderstorm in June 1752. When Franklin noticed loose threads top top the kite string standing up, he surmised the it was ending up being charged. He moved his snucongo.orgnger close to the crucial and felt a spark—proving his hypothesis. Get the whole Story
Was Benjamin Franklin’s dragon struck by lightning?No. If it had been, professionals say, the would most likely have actually been killed.
Did Benjamin Franklin invent daylight conserving time?No, Ben Franklin did no come up v the idea of relocating the clocks front in the spring. The misconception comes from a satirical essay he composed in 1784, in which he argues Parisians adjust their sleep schedule in stimulate to be awake as soon as the sun was up—and because of this save money top top candles and also lamp oil. (Get the full story here.)