In the Odyssey, publications 10 and also 11 are recognized as “Land that the Dead.” The Odyssey proceeds with Odysseus continuing his quest to go back to Ithaca. Having blinded the dreaded cyclops, Polyphemus, Odysseus escaped his island and sailed on. As the Odyssey book 10 begins, Odysseus and his crew concerned the island the the god of wind, Aeolus.

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Odysseus has lost six guys to the cyclop’s limitless appetite. Come escape the beast’s cave, he and also his guys drove a sharpened log right into its eye, blinding it. In so doing, he incurred Poseidon’s wrath, who occurred to it is in the father of Polyphemus. Through the god now against him, the sails once more for Ithaca. In book 10 the the Odyssey, Odysseus has far better fortune, at least at first. He comes to the Aeolian isle, wherein Aeolus and his twelve sons and daughters live with his lovely wife.

The Odyssey publication 10 an overview would be to say the Odysseus escaped the cyclops to join a party at the home of the goalkeeper of the winds and nearly returned home. Regrettably for Odysseus, the story doesn’t finish there.

Aeolus feasts Odysseus and also his crew. His generosity host gives them through a month’s worth of hospitality prior to sending castle on their way with an also greater gift- a bag containing every one of the winds except the West wind, which that sets totally free to drive the ship toward Ithaca.

All is going an extremely well. Odysseus, unwilling to take it any much more chances, takes the wheel himself. The sales because that nine days. Once the coast is in ~ sight, the sees the watchmen bright the beacons along the shore and also finally falls asleep.

An ok Wind Blows

So close to home, the crew starts to grumble among themselves. The acquainted shores that Ithaca are in sight, and also they are virtually home… however what have they gained?

They have actually experienced horrors and battles and also loss. They have actually grieved their companions. There is nothing behind them however death and also destruction. There is nothing in their pockets. Lock barely have the gives they need to survive another couple of days, allow alone an additional journey. They have traveled and also served your captain well, and they have actually come residence empty-handed.

Grumbling amongst themselves, the crew decides that the generous Aeolus must definitely have given Odysseus a grand treasure. Surely, the keeper of the winds through all his treasures and also his affluent feasting need to have provided Odysseus gold and silver at least. With all the marvels they have actually seen, they start to believe the bag has gold and also silver, and also perhaps miracle items.

Determined to see what your master has actually not mutual with them, they open up the purse offered by Aeolus. Zeus’ curse is unleashed, along with the remainder of the winds. The resulting storm cd driver them all the way back come Aeolus’ island.

Cursed by the Gods

Aeolus hears Odysseus’s pleas for help, however he is unmoved by the mortal. Having actually squandered his an initial gift, Odysseus has lost favor with him and now should journey on without the winds to help him. The crew is punished for their foolishness and greed by the must row the hefty ships through hand. Without wind to relocate them along, they are dead in the water and fully reliant on manpower alone to continue:

“So ns spoke and addressed them through gentle words, but they to be silent. Then your father answered and said: `Begone from ours island v speed, you vilest of all the lives. In no wise may I help or send top top his means that man who is hated that the blessed gods. Begone, because that thou comest hither together one hated the the immortals.’

“So saying, he sent me soon from the house, groaning heavily. Thence we cruised on, grieved at heart. And also worn was the spirit of the guys by the grievous rowing, due to the fact that of our own folly, for no much longer appeared any breeze come bear united state on ours way.”

They sailed on for six more days before coming come Lamus. Two of the ships sail into the main harbor, while Odysseus stop back, mooring outside of the entry. He sends out in three of his guys to scout and sees if they may be invited here.

The first of the 3 suffers a horrible fate, becoming a enjoy the meal for the large king, Antiphates. The others fare no better, to run for their stays to the ships. The giants of the region, the Laestrygonians, come out and fling boulders, crushing the ships and killing every men. Odysseus flees. With just one delivery left, that sails on.

Circe’s Spell

Odysseus and also his continuing to be crew sail onward till they come to an additional island. The crew is unwilling to discover the island an extremely far, understandably. They’ve visited an island wherein a cyclops devoured six of your companions and also another where giants destroyed their remaining ships and made meals of their crew members. They’re no keen on visiting yet one more unknown island wherein gods and also monsters may lay in wait come eat much more of them.


Odysseus tells them that their grief and also fear room for their very own safety and also no advantage or honor. He divides the remainder of his crew into two groups. The lot falls to the one led by Eurylochus, and also they collection off, though reluctantly.

The group involves the witch Circe’s castle, and despite their fear, her singing lulls them, and they enter when she bids them, all yet Eurylochus, that stays exterior to keep watch. Circe laces the feast through a potion the transforms the men right into swine, erasing your memories and humanity.

Eurylochus returns to the ships to report to Odysseus. He immediately straps top top his sword and sets out, however he is quit by a young man along the way. In disguise, Hermes provides Odysseus the gift of moly, a drug that will protect against Circe’s potions native working. That advises Odysseus to sirloin at Circe and threaten her v his sword. As soon as she yields, Hermes tells him, she will certainly invite that to her bed. Odysseus have to accept, after gaining her word, the she will not harm him.Odysseus complies with Hermes’ instructions, and also his crew is restored. They spend a year feasting and living in luxury in Circe’s castle before the crew convinces him to sail on.

Circe gives Odysseus instruction. That is not going to have the ability to return directly to Ithaca. He will need to travel through the soil of the Dead. In the Odessey, there is no straight route home.

Book 11 Odyssey Summary

As the Odyssey land of the Dead continues, Odysseus choose to take his leave of Circe. She notifies him the his journey will certainly not be simple one, and also the most challenging parts that the journey lie ahead. Odysseus is heartbroken and shaken in ~ the news that that will need to travel v the soil of the Dead. Odyssey publication 11 is the fulfillment the Circe’s prediction.

“…you must an initial complete an additional journey, and come come the house of Hades and also dread Persephone, to look for soothsaying of the heart of Theban Teiresias, the blind seer, whose mind abides steadfast. Come him even in death, Persephone has actually granted reason, the he alone should have understanding; yet the rather flit about as shadows.’”

Weighed with grief at the news that he will have to go come Hades’ lands, Odysseus sets out one more time. The Odyssey book 11 proceeds as he leaves Circe’s island and sets sail for the dreaded soil of the Dead.

A Prophet, a Meeting, and also A Contrast

Despite his dread, Odysseus does not have an additional choice. He should go to the floor of the Dead. Complying with the instructions he to be given, he digs a trench and pours milk, honey, and also sacrificed animals’ blood. The blood and also offerings attract the spirits of the dead. They come, crowding front to the sacrifice. Come his horror, Odysseus is presented v the soul of a lost crewman, his own mother, and the prophet Tiresias.

Tiresias has news that Odysseus demands to hear. He notifies him the he has actually been affected by Poseidon’s ire and that he will certainly face an ext challenges before he arrives back in Ithaca. He alerts him versus harming the cattle of Helios. If he does damage them, he will certainly lose every one of his men and also ships. They’ll only reach residence if they usage judgment and also a great deal the care.

Tiresias also informs Odysseus that he will have to embark ~ above yet one more quest as soon as he come in Ithaca. He’ll have to travel inland till he finds civilization who have actually never heard the Poseidon. As soon as he get his destination, he will should burn sacrifices to the god.

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When Tiresias is perfect speaking, Odysseus’ mommy is allowed to come forward and also speak come him. She defines that Laertes, his father, tho lives however has shed his will to live. Finally, Achilles, his old companion, comes and laments the torments that the soil of the Dead, driving home the value of the life Odysseus quiet possesses. Odysseus, shaken by what he has actually seen and heard, welcomes the possibility to leave. He has no desire to invest any much more time than he have to in the floor of the Dead.