Whether she importing or exporting for commercial purposes or moving overseas, you’ll want to make sure the cargo you’re transporting in shipping containers is as secure as possible.

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But ocean freight transport is a process that involves more than simply the sea trip from one port to another. It begins with proper packing and also loading at beginning until it reaches its location for unloading. Your cargo is exposed to many risks throughout this journey, particularly when it’s being loaded and unloaded.

You’ll desire to take extra treatment as her cargo is being taken on to for sure its safe transportation and reduce threats of damage.

Here room some equipment and also material the you may require for the safe transportation of her cargo.



A liftgate is a motor platform it is attached come the back of a truck to assist with the loading and also unloading of goods. It is raised and also lowered from ground level to the elevation of the floor that the shipping container (also known as the van bed) being transported.

Liftgates are compelled for choose up or shipment locations without loading docks or forklifts such as residential areas, building sites, and certain commercial stores. Castle are commonly used because that cargo or goods that space packed in together a method that the too heavy to lift, load, or unload by hand.

Not all trucks room equipped with lift gates. It’s extremely vital to request for one with your freight forwarder or trucking company in development should you check out the need for it.

Note: if you’re shipping FCL, girlfriend will require a forklift instead of a lift gate as lift entrances cannot it is in attached to shipping containers.



Image: MacAllister Rentals

Also well-known as a lift truck, a forklift is a machine that’s supplied to load or unload merchandise pack on pallets (or slip sheets) on and off shipping containers, and also transport them over quick distances.

A typical forklift offers two power-operated horizontal forks that room raised and lowered, regulated by the forklift operator.



Image: energetic Handling Systems

If there are too plenty of boxes come load, specifically heavy ones, friend can also consider using a conveyor. This additionally reduces the risk of damage to her cargo from being dropped when being invited or unloaded manually.

There are plenty of different species of conveyors available. Relying on your needs, some may be much better suited to load or unload loosened bulk cargo such as parcels instead of large merchandise stack on pallets, while others may be able to accommodate bigger cargo.

This is also a safer alternative for workers as there will be less heavy lifting required.

Slip sheets

Slip sheets are thin, corrugated sheets regularly made the end of plastic, paper, or hard fiber. Lock are put either in between merchandise stacked up ~ above pallets, in between the merchandise and the pallets or even as a replacement because that pallets.

The kind of slip sheet you require will rely on the problems your cargo is gift shipped in, its weight, dimensions, and also the variety of times it will be handled.

The use of on slide sheets renders it less complicated for forklifts come lift her merchandise. Offered that castle are lot thinner 보다 pallets, it’s approximated that slip sheets can reduce up to 30% that the room taken increase in the container as contrasted to pallets and reduce in its entirety container weight as they may weigh as much as 20 time lighter 보다 pallets. The downside, however, is the they are much less sturdy and can handle much less weight.



Image: Saferack

A ramp may be required if yes sir no loading dock for you come unload your cargo. Depending upon the ramp you’re using, it may be capable of withstanding high weight, consisting of the load of a forklift and also the cargo it’s transporting in and also out the the truck or shipping container.

The ramp is usually placed from the foot the the truck or container room to the floor so that the forklift have the right to go up and also down with ease.


Image: Handi-Ramp

Certain ramps level turn off at the height where the meets the truck bed so that the forklift can lift the palleted merchandise put at the leaf easily. A high weight capacity that deserve to be moved right into place for loading or unloading that a trailer.

For smaller ramps that do not have actually such a high weight resistance, you may require a dolly instead of a forklift.


Straps are extremely helpful to host your cargo together and make sure it’s for sure in its place throughout its journey at sea.

They deserve to either be offered to keep your cargo tightly packed together to minimization movements throughout transportation or strapped down to the floor of the container. These assist to prevent damages to her cargo. The material they’re generally made the end of is additionally flexible and soft so there’s no problem of them causing damages to your merchandise.

If you loading a auto into your container, straps will be essential to organize the wheels down and secure them.



Image: Cargo Restraint Systems

Dunnage is the basic name because that the product when loading shipping containers to defend goods and also from humidity, contamination, and damages.

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It’s generally placed:

In void spaces to minimization movement and falling of cargo during their sea voyageBetween cargo as padding to store individual batches separate and also safe from damages from one cargo to another and also prevent lock from comes looseBetween the cargo and also the wall surfaces of the containerOn top of cargo to avoid container ceiling condensation from damaging the cargoOr on the floor come absorb moisture and keep them from moisture-sensitive cargo such together rice or coffee beans

If using wooden materials for dunnage, make certain to use lumber that has actually been heat-treated and retains the stamps to prove it. If the wooden products used for dunnage do not comply with customizeds requirements in ~ destination, the entire load might be rejected and returned if customs records it during an inspection.