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You are watching: Mozart’s the marriage of figaro is an example of what type of opera?

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WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART: OVERTURE to THE marriage OF FIGARO (LE NOZZE DI FIGARO)

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) written his 4 plot opera The marital relationship of Figaro (Le nozze di Figaro) in 1786. The marital relationship of Figaro is known as one opera buffa (comic opera) based upon a stage comedy that the time.

The opera’s premiere was a noteworthy success and The marriage of Figaro remains among the many performed operas of every time. Friend may have actually heard component of this overture offered in various films, for instance the movie trading Places.

The marital relationship of Figaro is set in Spain, in the castle of count Almaviva. The Count’s valet and also former barber, Figaro is come marry Susanna, the Countess’s maid. However, the counting is planning come seduce Susanna, if the Countess is sought by Cherubino, a young Page. The opera attributes a tangled web of comedy, romance, misadventure, and also mistaken identity as the relationship and activity of the opera unfold.

as was common for the time, The marital relationship of Figaro opens with an important overture. Mozart famously created the overture just a few hours prior to the opera’s premiere. The roughly 4-5 minute overture that you will certainly hear is an plan of Mozart’s symphonic overture and also is played by a wind octet of oboes, clarinets, bassoons, and also horns.

as soon as you listen to this overture through Mozart, you will hear the initial Don Giovanni symphonic overture arranged because that wind octet.




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FOR EDUCATORS

Manitoba Music Curricular Connections

9-12 Making: The learner develops competencies for listening by hearne critically v discrimination and purpose to:

situate and contextualize music (e.g., cultural/ ideological/historical/social contexts, music style, genre, tradition, or praxis, etc.) support enjoyment and understanding of music make and also interpret music expressively and creatively educate analysis, interpretation, judgement, appreciation, and also evaluation

K-8 expertise Music in Context: demonstrate awareness the the intended definitions and/or functions of music encountered in own performance and also listening experiences

9-12 Connecting: The learner creates understandings around the significance of music by connecting music to varied contexts.


The following ideas and questions can assist you listen to this work:

1 Form in music describes the musical design or the means the music is structured. The opera The marital relationship of Figaro is structured in 4 acts with an opening, introductory, important overture. The overture played prior to the curtain opens up sets the stage for the activity and music come follow and helps the audience emotionally prepare because that the opera. In Mozart’s time the overture walk not always contain recommendation to melodic themes heard in the remainder of the opera back Mozart’s so late operas did often encompass themes heard in the opera. However, The marriage of Figaro is a stand-alone work and does not contain any kind of thematic references uncovered in the rest of the opera, back the personality of the music does indicate the frenetic action and attributes of the characters in the opera.

The form that the Overture come The marital relationship of Figaro is an abridged sonata kind structure. The three section sonata type that Mozart offers for the overture come The Magic Flute and also Don Giovanni is shortened right here to simply two key sections. A smaller, much shorter sonata is often called a sonatina.

The very first section is called an exposition that frequently presents 2 themes. In sonata form, a center development section commonly follows wherein the themes room varied and also developed, yet there is no development section in this overture. A last recapitulation ar re-states the key themes, complied with by prolonged coda (conclusion) come balance the structure since there is no advancement section.

unlike the overtures to The Magic Flute and Don Giovanni i beg your pardon both feature a slow-moving introduction, the overture to The marriage of Figaro launches automatically into the very first theme that the overture, a whispered pianissimo (very quiet), an extremely fast and agitated passage, suggesting perhaps, the conspiratorial whispers and intrigue come come. The hectic presto (very fast) tempo noting of the overture conveys the frenetic, breathless pace and buoyant mood of the opera as a whole.

The second part of the an initial theme begins with a long note followed by an arpeggio pattern (notes the a chord sounding a rapid succession). Various other thematic pieces are then introduced as part of this first multi-theme group, and about halfway with the exposition, you will hear a contrasting second multi-theme group that can be identified by a much more static melody, the sound the sudden, according to accents, and also quick ornaments (notes included to decorate or embellish the key melodic notes). Can you hear the all the themes or theme pieces are mostly presented quietly which adds come the emotion of intrigue and also secrecy? The effervescent themes climate bubble up transparent the overture creating a feeling of wit, anticipation, and buoyant good humour.

2 What Instruments have the right to you listen in this arrangement of Mozart’s overture to The marital relationship of Figaro? Mozart originally scored this overture for: strings; two each of flutes, oboes, clarinets, bassoons, horns, trumpets; and timpani. In this setup for wind octet have the right to you hear 2 each of oboes, clarinets, bassoons, and horns?

can you identify the different instruments the the octet play the different themes and also rhythms that the overture? have the right to you hear the various instruments taking turns on assorted parts or calling earlier and forth to every other?

3 What is the all at once tempo (the rate of the music) of this work? have the right to you hear exactly how the Presto tempo always seems come be moving forward in ~ a breathless pace to set up the frenetic mood of the opera action to follow?

how are dynamics (the volume that the music), and also expression (musical facets that express specific feelings or dispositions) supplied to convey the feeling of intrigue and the attributes of comic opera? execute you hear suddenly accents, contrasts between loud and quiet, and long-drawn out crescendos that create an exciting sense the anticipation? have the right to you hear a really long, extended, controlled crescendo in ~ the finish of this overture? just how does this crescendo add to the sense of structure tension? This kind of crescendo is called a Mannheim crescendo.

carry out you hear any kind of unexpected dynamic changes? The dynamic surprises hint at surprises in the activity of the opera. Can you hear the many contrasts between loud and quiet in this overture? How might the sudden transforms in dynamics or the contrasts in between loud and quiet, fast and also slow, also suggest different personalities in the opera?

perform you hear music sounds the are brief sounding (staccato) or really smooth sounding (legato)? What result do this sounds create, particularly when they space contrasted versus each other?

4 how is rhythm provided in this overture? execute you hear the steady pulsing, and also persistent rhythms transparent this work? do any particular rhythmic fads stand the end for you that you might listen because that in the work? Is over there a specific pattern that you could hear repeated everywhere in the work? carry out you hear running patterns of note throughout this overture?

5 how is melody or pitch offered in this overture?

This overture abounds in assorted catchy melodies and melodic fragments. Have the right to you choose out any certain melody or part of a melody? have the right to you hum or sing any? might you attract the shape of any kind of melody in the air? can you hear the increasing melodies that create a emotion of buoyancy and energy? can you hear the easily ascending and descending scalic melodies? have the right to you hear where Mozart offers high, middle, and also low notes? how does Mozart use melody to develop both a sense of an enig and a feeling of playfulness?

Mozart is a brilliant grasp of composing melody and also some take into consideration Mozart come be one of the best melody writers ever. The overture come The marital relationship of Figaro definitely highlights Mozart’s genius for writing melodies. There are no much less than 9 unique fast-paced melodic themes or theme fragments discovered in this overture. Some of the melodic concepts or themes are introduced only to be conveniently abandoned or interrupted together Mozart introduces however another, various melodic theme just a couple of beats or bars later. However, all 9 or more melodic themes and thematic pieces can be grouped into two main multi-part theme groups that space contrasting in style as described over in the ar on form.

6 exactly how would you explain the texture the this work? perform you hear the tools all playing together at once to produce thick sound chords or perform you hear the various voices that the instruments communicating together in more linear ways?

7 What type of critical timbre perform you hear? Timbre is the different attributes of sound that can be heard. For example, the timbre of the oboe is different to the timbre that the clarinet, bassoon, or horn. Have the right to you pick out each of those instruments when they space playing just by hearne to their individual timbres?