Element Cadmium - Cd

Comprehensive data top top the chemical facet Cadmium is detailed on this page; including scores that properties, element names in numerous languages, most recognized nuclides the Cadmium. Usual chemical compounds space also noted for countless elements. In addition technical state are connected to your definitions and also the menu contains links come related articles that are a great aid in one"s studies.

You are watching: Number of valence electrons in cd

Cadmium Menu

Cadmium web page OneOverview of CadmiumCadmium"s name in various other LanguagesAtomic framework of CadmiumChemical nature of CadmiumPhysical properties of CadmiumRegulatory / HealthWho/When/Where/HowCadmium page TwoNuclides / IsotopesPotential parent NuclidesCadmium web page ThreeCommon chemistry Compounds the Cadmium

Overview that Cadmium

Atomic Number: 48Group: 12Period: 5Series: change Metals

Cadmium"s surname in various other Languages

Latin: CadmiumCzech: KadmiumCroatian: KadmijFrench: CadmiumGerman: Cadmium - sItalian: CadmioNorwegian: KadmiumPortuguese: CádmioRussian: КадмийSpanish: CadmioSwedish: KadmiumAtomic framework of CadmiumAtomic Radius: 1.71ÅAtomic Volume: 13.1cm3/molCovalent Radius: 1.48ÅCross Section (Thermal spirit Capture)σa/barns: 2450Crystal Structure: Hexagonal
*
Electron Configuration:1s2 2s2p6 3s2p6d10 4s2p6d10 5s2Electrons per power Level: 2,8,18,18,2Shell Model
*
Ionic Radius:
0.97ÅFilling Orbital: 4d10Number of electrons (with no charge): 48Number of neutron (most common/stable nuclide): 64Number that Protons: 48Oxidation States: 2Valence Electrons: 5s2Electron period Model
*

Chemical properties of Cadmium

Electrochemical Equivalent:
2.097g/amp-hrElectron work-related Function: 4.22eVElectronegativity: 1.69 (Pauling); 1.46 (Allrod Rochow)Heat of Fusion: 6.192kJ/molIncompatibilities:strong oxidizers, ammonium nitrate, hydrazoic acid, tellurium, zinc, element sulfur, seleniumIonization PotentialFirst: 8.993Second: 16.908Third: 37.48Valence Electron Potential (-eV): 30

Physical properties of Cadmium

Atomic fixed Average: 112.411Boiling Point: 1038K 765°C 1409°FCoefficient of lineal heat expansion/K-1: 29.8E-6ConductivityElectrical: 0.138 106/cm ΩThermal: 0.968 W/cmKDensity: 8.65g/cc
300KDescription:Silvery white transition metal.Elastic Modulus:Bulk: 42/GPaRigidity: 19/GPaYoungs: 50/GPaEnthalpy that Atomization: 113 kJ/mole
25°CEnthalpy the Fusion: 6.19 kJ/moleEnthalpy that Vaporization: 100 kJ/moleFlammablity Class: Non-combustible solid (except together dust)Freezing Point: see melt pointHardness ScaleBrinell: 203 MN m-2Mohs: 2Heat the Vaporization: 99.57kJ/molMelting Point: 594.33K 321.18°C 610.12°FMolar Volume: 13.01 cm3/moleOptical Reflectivity: 67%Physical State (at 20°C & 1atm): SolidSpecific Heat: 0.231J/gKVapor Pressure = 14.8Pa
321.18°C

Regulatory / Health

CAS Number7440-43-9compoundsUN/NA ID and also ERG overview Number2570 / 154compoundsRTECS: EU9800000OSHA permit Exposure limit (PEL)TWA: 0.005 mg/m3OSHA PEL Vacated 1989TWA: 0.005 mg/m3NIOSH recommended Exposure limit (REL)IDLH: 9 mg/m3 (Potential NIOSH carcinogen)Routes that Exposure: Inhalation; IngestionTarget Organs: respiratory tract system, kidneys, prostate, bloodLevels In Humans:Note: this data represents normally occuring level of facets in the typical human, that DOES NOT represent recommended everyday allowances.Blood/mg dm-3: 0.0052Bone/p.p.m: 1.8Liver/p.p.m: 2-22Muscle/p.p.m: 0.14-3.2Daily diet Intake: 0.007-3 mgTotal mass In Avg. 70kg human: 50 mg

Who / whereby / as soon as / How

Discoverer: Fredrich StromeyerDiscovery Location: Göttingen GermanyDiscovery Year: 1817Name Origin:Greek: kadmeia (ancient name for calamine (ZnCO3)); Latin: cadmia.Abundance of Cadmium:Earth"s Crust/p.p.m.: 0.11Seawater/p.p.m.: Atlantic Suface: 0.0000011Atlantic Deep: 0.000038Pacific Surface: 0.0000011Pacific Deep: 0.0001Atmosphere/p.p.m.: N/ASun (Relative come H=1E12): 71Sources that Cadmium:Obtained together a through product of zinc refining. Annual world production is about 13,900 tons.Uses of Cadmium:Used in nickel-cadmium batteries, nuclear reactor regulator, and also red/yellow pigments.Additional Notes:While cadmium is toxic, deadly poisonings rarely occur because of that emetic action, which way little is absorbed.

Cadmium Menu

Cadmium page OneOverview of CadmiumCadmium"s name in other LanguagesAtomic structure of CadmiumChemical nature of CadmiumPhysical nature of CadmiumRegulatory / HealthWho/When/Where/HowCadmium page TwoNuclides / IsotopesPotential parent NuclidesCadmium page ThreeCommon chemistry Compounds that Cadmium

References

A list of recommendation sources supplied to translate in the data provided on our periodic table of aspects can be uncovered on the key periodic table page.

Related Resources

Anatomy that the AtomAnswers plenty of questions concerning the structure of atoms.Molarity, Molality and also NormalityIntroduces stoichiometry and also explains the differences in between molarity, molality and also normality.Molar fixed Calculations and Javascript CalculatorMolar fixed calculations space explained and also there is a JavaScript calculator to help calculations.Chemical DatabaseThis database concentrates on the most usual chemical compounds supplied in the home and also industry.

Citing this page

If you require to mention this page, you can copy this text:

Linking to this page

If you would like to connect to this page from your website, blog, etc., copy and paste this link code (in red) and modify it come suit your needs:

echo routine Table of Elements: Cadmium - Cd (snucongo.org)- comprehensive information for the facet Cadmium - Cd is listed by this page consisting of scores of properties, aspect names in countless languages, most known nuclides and also technical state are connected to their definitions..

NOTICE: if linking to articles is encouraged, OUR articles MAY not BE copied TO OR REPUBLISHED ON an additional WEBSITE UNDER any CIRCUMSTANCES.

PLEASE, if you favor an article we published simply connect to it on our website execute not republish it.


26 years on the web


*

Please re-publishing and/or link To This Page


Please share and/or attach to this page if you discover it beneficial or informative.


Educators

We are a great educational resource! usage online or print pages out as classroom handouts. An ext info.

See more: 10 Drops Equals How Many Teaspoons (U, How To Measure Drops With Spoons

Career Listings


Biology careers in CAChemical engineering careers in CAChemistry careers in CAEcologists careers in CAEducation careers in CAEnvironmental careers in CAEnvironmental chemistry careers in CAEnvironmental Compliance careers in CAEnvironmental Consultant careers in CAEnvironmental engineering careers in CAEnvironmental legislation careers in CAForestry careers in CAGIS careers in CAGovernment careers in CAHealth & safety careers in CARegulatory Compliance careers in CARisk administration careers in CAScience careers in CA
Biology careers in UKChemical design careers in UKChemistry careers in UKEcologists careers in UKEducation careers in UKEnvironmental careers in UKEnvironmental Consultant careers in UKEnvironmental engineering careers in UKEnvironmental legislation careers in UKGIS careers in UKHazardous Materials/Waste careers in UKHealth & safety careers in UKRegulatory Compliance careers in UKRisk monitoring careers in UKScience careers in UK
Biomedical design careers in USChemical design careers in USChemistry careers in USConservation careers in USEcologists careers in USEmergency management careers in USEnvironmental Careers careers in USEnvironmental Analyst careers in USEnvironmental chemistry careers in USEnvironmental Compliance careers in USEnvironmental Consultant careers in USEnvironmental engineering careers in USEnvironmental law careers in USEnvironmental to plan careers in USHealth & safety careers in USNatural resources careers in USNature preservation careers in USRegulatory Compliance careers in USRisk administration careers in USSchool Principals careers in US
Job Listing Search:All CategoriesAccountingAdmin & ClericalBankingBiotechBroadcast/JournalismBusiness DevelopmentConstructionConsultantCustomer ServiceDesignDistribution/ShippingEducationEngineeringExecutiveFacilitiesFinanceGeneral BusinessGovernmentHealth CareHuman ResourcesInformation TechnologyInsuranceInventoryLegalManagementManufacturingMarketingNursePharmaceuticalProfessional ServicesPurchasing/ProcurementQA/Quality ControlResearchSalesScienceSupply ChainTelecommunicationsTrainingTransportationWarehouseCanadaIndiaU.K.U.S.

Featured

Periodic TableNitrogen Dioxide, Ozone & Lead companion to increase Pollution threats to urban ChildrenNeurodevelopmental obstacle in Children: Autism & ADHD

Go Green


RedecoratingPainting WallsReplacing CarpetsUpdating irradiate FixturesBathroom RenovationInstalling a low circulation showerhead convert to Renewable EnergyBuying neighborhood clean power electricityKitchen renovation - coming in 2010 or 2011Weatherization - Coming so late 2009Energy AuditRevised ROI Calculations

Environmental Issues


ADA referral for Fluoride in infant DietsAsbestosAsbestos, a Brief history its supplies & health RisksAsbestos, its chemical & physics PropertiesAsbestos: A Manufacturing health Hazard dating to prehistoric TimesDry-Cleaning ChemicalsLooking Good, emotion Bad; or, What"s the difficulty with Perc?Are over there Realistic Dry-Cleaning alternatives to Perc?DuPont"s Teflon Cover-upNeurodevelopmental obstacle in Children: Autism & ADHDPCBs in the food friend loveSeafood SafetyMercury in Fish vs. The benefits of Fish OilsNorwegian Farmed Salmon Raises global ConcernThe threats of Lawn chemicals at Home
Biofueling to the futureCO2 air pollution and an international WarmingCompact Fluorescent lights (CFLs): are They precious the Switch?Global fads in Energy an innovation InnovationHydrogen Fuel Cells: energy of the Future
ChernobylChernobyl RevisitedAgricultural and also Environmental ImpactA transforming PointFrom Bhopal come Hazardous waste ComplianceLove Canal NY: Grownups Don"t execute Blue GooNew Orleans, Hurricane Katrina & the Oil Industry
Environmental Justice and also the NIMBY PrinciplePrairie Dogs: small mammal, huge controversyPrairie Dogs: A Threatened varieties or Public health and wellness Nuisance?Prairie Dog Control: Non-Lethal TechniquesPrairie Dog Control: Lethal TechniquesCan Prairie dogs be managed Utilizing Reconciliation Ecology?Pseudoscience: A danger to our EnvironmentSorting out scientific research from Junk Science
Effects that Air pollution on her healthClean Air act Contributing to Mercury ProblemNitrogen Dioxide, Ozone & Lead companion to increase Pollution dangers to urban ChildrenThe Heat facing Outdoor Wood heaters & Boilers
PCBs in new York"s Hudson RiverIncreased Mercury level Attributed to industrial ActivitiesEnvironmental air pollution of the Concord River
Guide to handling Household ChemicalsHow Well do You understand Recycled Paper?Protecting Wildlife from TrashPlastics - native Recycling Bin to new ProductRoHS: Europe"s Initiative come Control technological WasteTreatment that Biohazardous WasteThe background of Waste

Chemistry


Anatomy that the AtomThe Chemistry of Polychlorinated BiphenylsMolar fixed Calculations and Molecular load CalculatorStoichiometry: Molarity, Molality and also NormalityWhat friend Do and also Don"t Know about Fluorine
Chemical DatabaseChemistry DictionaryPeriodic Table that ElementsSort periodic table by: pick orderAtomic RadiusBoiling PointCovalent RadiusCross SectionCrystal StructureDensityElectrical ConductivityEletronegativityFreezing PointHeat of VaporizationIonic RadiusIonization PotentialMass AverageMelting PointNamePeriodic TableSeriesSymbolThermal ConductivityYear the Discovery

Hazardous Materials


Household
Guide to dealing with Household ChemicalsThe risks of Lawn chemistry at Home
Industry
Emergency solution Guidebook (ERG)List products byUN NumberMaterial Name49CFR USDOT Hazardous materials TableUSDOT HazMat Placards select Class/Div.1 Explosives2 Compressed Gas3 Flammable Liquid4 Flammable Solids5 Oxidizers6.1 Poisons7 Radioactives8 Corrosives9 MiscellaneousRelated MarkingsPlacarding QuizUSDOT HazMat Placards CD & cultivate modulesExceptions, Exemptions and VariancesFMCSA HazMat Transportion allow System
*