Element Cadmium - Cd

Comprehensive data top top the chemical facet Cadmium is detailed on this page; including scores that properties, element names in numerous languages, most recognized nuclides the Cadmium. Usual chemical compounds space also noted for countless elements. In addition technical state are connected to your definitions and also the menu contains links come related articles that are a great aid in one"s studies.

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Cadmium Menu

Cadmium web page OneOverview of CadmiumCadmium"s name in various other LanguagesAtomic framework of CadmiumChemical nature of CadmiumPhysical properties of CadmiumRegulatory / HealthWho/When/Where/HowCadmium page TwoNuclides / IsotopesPotential parent NuclidesCadmium web page ThreeCommon chemistry Compounds the Cadmium

Overview that Cadmium

Atomic Number: 48Group: 12Period: 5Series: change Metals

Cadmium"s surname in various other Languages

Latin: CadmiumCzech: KadmiumCroatian: KadmijFrench: CadmiumGerman: Cadmium - sItalian: CadmioNorwegian: KadmiumPortuguese: CádmioRussian: КадмийSpanish: CadmioSwedish: KadmiumAtomic framework of CadmiumAtomic Radius: 1.71ÅAtomic Volume: 13.1cm3/molCovalent Radius: 1.48ÅCross Section (Thermal spirit Capture)σa/barns: 2450Crystal Structure: Hexagonal
Electron Configuration:1s2 2s2p6 3s2p6d10 4s2p6d10 5s2Electrons per power Level: 2,8,18,18,2Shell Model
Ionic Radius:
0.97ÅFilling Orbital: 4d10Number of electrons (with no charge): 48Number of neutron (most common/stable nuclide): 64Number that Protons: 48Oxidation States: 2Valence Electrons: 5s2Electron period Model

Chemical properties of Cadmium

Electrochemical Equivalent:
2.097g/amp-hrElectron work-related Function: 4.22eVElectronegativity: 1.69 (Pauling); 1.46 (Allrod Rochow)Heat of Fusion: 6.192kJ/molIncompatibilities:strong oxidizers, ammonium nitrate, hydrazoic acid, tellurium, zinc, element sulfur, seleniumIonization PotentialFirst: 8.993Second: 16.908Third: 37.48Valence Electron Potential (-eV): 30

Physical properties of Cadmium

Atomic fixed Average: 112.411Boiling Point: 1038K 765°C 1409°FCoefficient of lineal heat expansion/K-1: 29.8E-6ConductivityElectrical: 0.138 106/cm ΩThermal: 0.968 W/cmKDensity: 8.65g/cc
300KDescription:Silvery white transition metal.Elastic Modulus:Bulk: 42/GPaRigidity: 19/GPaYoungs: 50/GPaEnthalpy that Atomization: 113 kJ/mole
25°CEnthalpy the Fusion: 6.19 kJ/moleEnthalpy that Vaporization: 100 kJ/moleFlammablity Class: Non-combustible solid (except together dust)Freezing Point: see melt pointHardness ScaleBrinell: 203 MN m-2Mohs: 2Heat the Vaporization: 99.57kJ/molMelting Point: 594.33K 321.18°C 610.12°FMolar Volume: 13.01 cm3/moleOptical Reflectivity: 67%Physical State (at 20°C & 1atm): SolidSpecific Heat: 0.231J/gKVapor Pressure = 14.8Pa

Regulatory / Health

CAS Number7440-43-9compoundsUN/NA ID and also ERG overview Number2570 / 154compoundsRTECS: EU9800000OSHA permit Exposure limit (PEL)TWA: 0.005 mg/m3OSHA PEL Vacated 1989TWA: 0.005 mg/m3NIOSH recommended Exposure limit (REL)IDLH: 9 mg/m3 (Potential NIOSH carcinogen)Routes that Exposure: Inhalation; IngestionTarget Organs: respiratory tract system, kidneys, prostate, bloodLevels In Humans:Note: this data represents normally occuring level of facets in the typical human, that DOES NOT represent recommended everyday allowances.Blood/mg dm-3: 0.0052Bone/p.p.m: 1.8Liver/p.p.m: 2-22Muscle/p.p.m: 0.14-3.2Daily diet Intake: 0.007-3 mgTotal mass In Avg. 70kg human: 50 mg

Who / whereby / as soon as / How

Discoverer: Fredrich StromeyerDiscovery Location: Göttingen GermanyDiscovery Year: 1817Name Origin:Greek: kadmeia (ancient name for calamine (ZnCO3)); Latin: cadmia.Abundance of Cadmium:Earth"s Crust/p.p.m.: 0.11Seawater/p.p.m.: Atlantic Suface: 0.0000011Atlantic Deep: 0.000038Pacific Surface: 0.0000011Pacific Deep: 0.0001Atmosphere/p.p.m.: N/ASun (Relative come H=1E12): 71Sources that Cadmium:Obtained together a through product of zinc refining. Annual world production is about 13,900 tons.Uses of Cadmium:Used in nickel-cadmium batteries, nuclear reactor regulator, and also red/yellow pigments.Additional Notes:While cadmium is toxic, deadly poisonings rarely occur because of that emetic action, which way little is absorbed.

Cadmium Menu

Cadmium page OneOverview of CadmiumCadmium"s name in other LanguagesAtomic structure of CadmiumChemical nature of CadmiumPhysical nature of CadmiumRegulatory / HealthWho/When/Where/HowCadmium page TwoNuclides / IsotopesPotential parent NuclidesCadmium page ThreeCommon chemistry Compounds that Cadmium


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