The Republican Party is just one of the two major contemporary political next of the joined States. It is frequently referred to as the Grand Old Party or the GOP. The party"s main counterpart is the autonomous Party. The cool Old Party nickname, which had previously been supplied by southerly Democrats, was used to the Republican Party following the 1888 election cycle. In ~ the time, Republicans had actually regained regulate of the presidency and also Congress because that the first time since the grant administration. The Chicago Tribune proclaimed, "Let united state be thankful that under the dominance of the grand Old Party ... These United says will resume the onward and upward march i m sorry the election of Grover Cleveland in 1884 partly arrested."<1>
The party"s primary governing company is the Republican national Committee (RNC), i m sorry is responsible because that developing and also promoting the Republican politics platform, and also coordinating fundraising and election strategy. That is additionally responsible because that organizing and running the Republican national Convention every 4 years.
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The contemporary GOP support a conservative platform on the American political spectrum, with foundations in laissez-faire capitalism, low taxes, supply-side fiscal policies and also social conservatism.<1><2><3><4><5>
Party members typically yet do not constantly or uniformly favor the adhering to policy positions. All positions space taken indigenous the Republican Party"s 2016 platform:<6>"Wherever tax rates penalize thrift or discourage investment, they must be lowered. Wherever present provisions the the code space disincentives for financial growth, they need to be changed";"We envision a an international multilateral agreement amongst nations committed to the values of open markets";"We ... Support the appointment of justices and judges who respect the constitutional limits on their power and respect the government of the says to decide ... An essential social questions";"Lawful gun ownership enables Americans to practice their God-given appropriate of self-defense because that the security of their homes, their loved ones, and their communities. ... Us oppose ill-conceived regulations that would restrict magazine volume or ban the sale of the many popular and also common modern rifle";"We support the advancement of all forms of power that room marketable in a complimentary economy without subsidies, consisting of coal, oil, natural gas, atom power, and hydropower";"To maintain Medicare and Medicaid, the gaue won of these vital programs should be lugged under control before they consume many of the commonwealth budget, consisting of national defense";"Our highest possible priority ... Have to be to secure ours borders and also all port of entry and also to obtrude our immigration laws";" need to be removed and replaced with strategy based on actual competition, patient choice, excellent care, wellness, and also timely accessibility to treatment."
The Republican Party (GOP) was founded in 1854 in Ripon, Wisconsin, through anti-slavery development activists and modernizers. The fledgling party quickly surpassed the Whig Party together the principal opposition come the autonomous Party. In 1860, the GOP climbed to strength upon the election of previous President Abraham Lincoln (R). The party maintained strength with the American civil War and also Reconstruction. The party’s main logo, the elephant, is obtained from a cartoon by cutting board Nast.<2>
The website for the Republican national Committee (RNC) gives the following background of the GOP:<7>
| “||Founding of the Republican Party|
On July 6, 1854, just after the anniversary of the nation, one anti-slavery state convention was hosted in Jackson, Michigan. The warm day forced the huge crowd outside to a nearby oak grove. In ~ this "Under the Oaks Convention" the an initial statewide candidates were selected for what would end up being the Republican Party.
United by desire to abolish slavery, it remained in Jackson that the platform of the Under the Oaks Convention read: "…we will certainly cooperate and also be known as REPUBLICANS…" prior to July, smaller teams had gathered in intimate settings favor the schoolhouse in Ripon, Wisconsin. However, the conference in Jackson would certainly be the an initial ever mass gathering of the Republican Party.
The surname "Republican" was chosen, alluding to cutting board Jefferson’s Democratic-Republican Party and conveying a commitment come the inalienable legal rights of life, liberty, and the search of happiness.
Party the Freedom
Though popularized in a thomas Nast cartoon, the GOP’s elephant prize originated during the 1860 campaign, as a prize of Republican strength. Republicans envisioned "free soil, free speech, totally free labor." Under the leadership of president Abraham Lincoln, the GOP ended up being the Party of the Union together well.
President Lincoln approve the Emancipation Proclamation, yet it to be the whole Republican Party who freed the slaves. The 1864 Republican nationwide Convention dubbed for the abolition the slavery, and Congressional republicans passed the 13th amendment unanimously, with only a couple of Democrat votes.
The early on women’s rights motion was solidly Republican, together it was a extension of abolitionism. They were mindful not to be overly partisan, however as did Susan B. Anthony, most suffragists favored the GOP. The 19th amendment was created by a Republican senator and garnered better support native Republicans 보다 from Democrats.
Party of Prosperity
Low taxes, sound money, regulation restraint: these were amongst the commonsense financial policies developed by the GOP the brought about decades of prosperity after ~ the civil War. Republicans encouraged innovation and rule of law. Buttressed by Republican control in Congress, the McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt and Taft managements cleared away obstacles to financial growth.
President Dwight Eisenhower and congressional republicans appreciated the fact that the personal sector, no government, is the engine of wide range creation. Through his bolder tax-cutting agenda, president Ronald Reagan restored the economic climate after year of Democrat malaise.
Party of Vision
Theodore Roosevelt embodies our Party’s classic concern because that the environment, but the Republican commitment come the environment actually goes back much more than that. Because that example, the world’s very first national park, Yellowstone, was established during the Ulysses provide administration.
President Eisenhower supported groundbreaking civil rights legislation and also vigorously enforced the Brown v plank of education decision, sending out the 101st Airborne to little Rock as soon as chaos erupted following integration at central High.
Ronald Reagan described the difference between Democrats and also Republicans in a way that cannot be enhanced upon: “Two visions the the future, 2 fundamentally various ways of governing – their government of pessimism, fear, and also limits, or ours of hope, confidence, and growth. Their government sees world only as members the groups. Ours serves all the civilization of America as individuals.
President George H.W. Bush championed community and also volunteer organizations and also the tremendous power they have actually for doing good. The famously explained them together “a brilliant diversity spread prefer stars, like a thousand points of irradiate in a large and relaxed sky.”
In the an initial decade that the 21st century, president George W. Shrub made an extraordinary commitment to help those in need past our shores with the President’s Emergency setup for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), an aid program for countries devastated through HIV/AIDS. Because its inception, PEPFAR has saved end a million lives and also currently provides over 5 million civilization with life-saving treatments.
Party that Strength
President Reagan and President George H.W. Shrub led west democracies to victory over Soviet tyranny in the Cold War. The George W. Bush administration maintained the armed forces second-to-none and also projected that strength in the fight versus international terrorism.
Party of the Future
Drawing incentive from ours Party’s history, today’s Republicans think individuals, not government, do the best decisions; all world are entitled to same rights; and decisions are finest made close to home.
At the state level, the country thirty Republican governors space making government much more effective and efficient, spurring financial growth and also striving to put more power in the hands of the people.
Nationally, Republicans recognize that the slow, bloated, top-down Washington administration is out-of-date in the 21st century. Our Party functions to provide Americans an ext choices—in healthcare, in education, in energy, and in the economy—and to complimentary individuals and also families native the intrusive overreach of federal bureaucrats.
The Party’s core ethics of freedom and also equal chance are as appropriate today as at our founding, and also they room the roadmap for American regeneration in a brand-new and interconnected world.<8>
LeadershipNational Party Leadership
The following table lists the national management of the Republican Party and the Republican nationwide Committee (RNC), as of January 2021:<9><10><11><12><13><14>
title Officer State
| Chairwoman|| Ronna McDaniel|| Michigan|
| Co-chairman|| cutting board Hicks Jr.|| Texas|
| Treasurer|| Ron Kaufman|| Massachusetts|
| Secretary|| Vicki Drummond|| Alabama|
| Governors association chairman|| branch Doug Ducey|| Arizona|
| Senatorial project chairman|| Senator rick Scott|| Florida|
| Senate minority leader|| senator Mitch McConnell|| Kentucky|
| Senate minority whip|| Senator john Thune|| southern Dakota|
| Senate Republican Conference chair|| Senator man Barrasso|| Wyoming|
| Senate Republican policy Committee chair|| city council Roy Blunt|| Missouri|
| Senate Republican Conference angry chair|| city council Joni Ernst|| Iowa|
| house minority leader|| Congressman Kevin McCarthy|| California|
| house minority whip|| Congressman Steve Scalise|| Louisiana|
| home Republican Conference chairman|| Congresswoman Liz Cheney|| Wyoming|
| home Republican policy Committee chairman|| Congressman Gary Palmer|| Alabama|
The following table perform the state and also territory chairpersons of the Republican national Committee (RNC), together of September 2021. Click "show" ~ above the box below to watch the complete list.<15>
State Republican Party chairs, together of September 2021
State Chairperson State Chairperson
| Alabama|| man Wahl|| Montana|| Don Kaltschmidt|
| Alaska|| Ann Brown|| Nebraska|| Dan Welch|
| American Samoa|| Taulapapa william Sword|| Nevada|| Michael McDonald|
| Arizona|| Kelli Ward|| new Hampshire|| Steve Stepanek|
| Arkansas|| Jonelle Fulmer|| brand-new Jersey|| Bob Hugin|
| California|| Jessica Millan Patterson|| new Mexico|| Steve Pearce|
| Colorado|| Kristi Burton Brown|| brand-new York|| Nicholas A. Langworthy|
| Connecticut|| Ben Proto|| phibìc Carolina|| Michael Whatley|
| Delaware|| jane Brady|| north Dakota|| Perrie Schafer|
| ar of Columbia|| Patrick Mara|| northern Mariana Islands|| James Ada|
| Florida|| Joe Gruters|| Ohio|| Bob Paduchik|
| Georgia|| David Shafer|| Oklahoma|| john Bennett|
| Guam|| Juan Carlos Benitez|| Oregon|| Dallas Heard|
| Hawaii|| Signe Godfrey|| Pennsylvania|| Lawrence Tabas|
| Idaho|| Tom Luna|| Puerto Rico|| angel Cintrón|
| Illinois|| Don Tracy|| Rhode Island|| Sue Cienki|
| Indiana|| Kyle Hupfer|| south Carolina|| drew McKissick|
| Iowa|| Jeff Kaufmann|| southern Dakota|| Dan Lederman|
| Kansas|| Mike Kuckelman|| Tennessee|| Scott Golden|
| Kentucky|| J. McCauley Brown|| Texas|| Matt Rinaldi|
| Louisiana|| louis Gurvich|| Utah|| Carson Jorgensen|
| Maine|| Demi Kouzounas|| Vermont|| Deb Billado|
| Maryland|| Dirk Haire|| U.S. Virgin Islands|| N/A|
| Massachusetts|| Jim Lyons|| Virginia|| wealthy Anderson|
| Michigan|| Ron Weiser|| Washington|| Caleb Heimlich|
| Minnesota|| Carleton Crawford (Acting chair)|| West Virginia|| mark Harris|
| Mississippi|| frank Bordeaux|| Wisconsin|| Paul Farrow|
| Missouri|| Nick Myers|| Wyoming|| open minded Eathorne|
The complying with table is a historical list the past and also present chairpersons of the Republican nationwide Committee (RNC):<16>
Chairperson term State
|Edwin D. Morgan ||1856-1864||New York|
|Henry J. Raymond||1864-1866||New York|
|Marcus L. Ward||1866-1868||New Jersey|
|Edwin D. Morgan||1872-1876||New York|
|J. Donald Cameron||1879-1880||Pennsylvania|
|Dwight M. Sabin||1883-1884||Minnesota|
|B. F. Jones||1887-1888||New Jersey|
|Matthew S. Quay||1888-1891||Pennsylvania|
|James S. Clarkson||1891-1892||Iowa|
|Thomas H. Carter||1892-1896||Montana|
|Marcus A. Hanna||1896-1904||Ohio|
|Henry Clay Payne||1904||Wisconsin|
|George Bruce Cortelyou||1904-1907||New York|
|Harry S. New||1907-1908||Indiana|
|Frank Harris Hitchcock||1908-1909||Ohio|
|John Fremont Hill||1910-1912||Maine|
|Charles D. Hilles||1912-1916||New York|
|Will H. Hays||1918-1921||Indiana|
|John T. Adams||1921-1924||Iowa|
|William M. Butler||1925||Massachusetts|
|Claudius H. Huston||1929-1930||Tennessee|
|Simeon D. Fess||1931||Ohio|
|Henry P. Fletcher||1934-1936||Pennsylvania|
|Joseph W. Martin, Jr.||1940-1942||Massachusetts|
|Harrison E. Spangler||1942-1944||Iowa|
|Herbert Brownell, Jr.||1944-1946||New York|
|Hugh D. Scott, Jr.||1948-1949||Pennsylvania|
|Guy G. Gabrielson||1949-1952||New Jersey|
|Arthur E. Summerfield||1952-1953||Michigan|
|Leonard W. Hall||1953-1957||New York|
|Thruston B. Morton||1959-1961||Kentucky|
|William E. Miller||1961-1964||New York|
|Ray C. Bliss||1965-1969||Ohio|
|Rogers C. B. Morton||1969-1971||Maryland|
|George H. W. Bush||1973-1974||Texas|
|Mary Louise Smith||1974-1977||Iowa|
|William E. Brock III||1977-1981||Tennessee|
|Frank J. Fahrenkopf, Jr.||1983-1989||Nevada|
|Lee Atwater||1989-1991||South Carolina|
|Clayton Keith Yeutter||1991-1992||Nebraska|
|Ken Mehlman||2005-2007||Washington, D.C.|
|Ronna Romney McDaniel||2017 - Present||Michigan|
PlatformSee also: The Republican Platform and RNC platform Committee, 2016See also: The Republican Party Platform, 2020
The Republican nationwide Committee (RNC) drafts a party platform every 4 years. The communication outlines the main principles, plan stances, and also priorities the the Republican Party. It also serves as a system for help candidates up-and-down the ballot form their messages and also for hold candidates account to the more comprehensive party consensus.
The Republican national Committee"s executive, management Committee poll on June 10, 2020, to take on the same platform the party supplied in 2016. The decision attach a series of adjustments to the itinerary and location that the Republican nationwide Convention as result of the coronavirus pandemic, consisting of reducing the number of in-person delegates attending the convention in Charlotte, phibìc Carolina, from 2,500 to 336, and canceling the meeting of the communication Committee.<17><18>
Click right here to watch the finish 2016 Republican Party Platform.
2020 Republican national ConventionSee also: Republican national Convention, 2020
The Republican Party hosted its nationwide convention from respectable 24-27, 2020.<19>
Limited in-person occasions took ar in Charlotte, phibìc Carolina.<20> top top July 23, 2020, chairman Donald trump announced the high-profile convention events previously relocated to Jacksonville, Florida, consisting of his nomination acceptance speech, had actually been canceled for public health and safety reasons. Trump formally welcomed the party"s nomination indigenous the White House.<21><22><23>
The convention was originally scheduled to take place entirely in Charlotte yet statewide limitations in an answer to the coronavirus pandemic brought about the convention"s planned relocation come Jacksonville.<24> The Republican national Committee executive, management Committee voted to downsize the convention in Charlotte, reduce the number of in-person delegates native 2,500 to 336. The committee additionally decided to take on the 2016 communication again because the communication Committee would certainly not it is in meeting.<25>
At the convention, party delegates typically choose the Republican presidential nominee and vote to take on a communication outlining the party"s policy priorities and values. According to presidential historian Tevi Troy, however, "conventions now remain largely party advertising methods rather 보다 fora for actual decision-making."<26>
2016 Republican national ConventionSee also: Republican national Convention, 2016See also: 2016 presidential nominations: calendar and also delegate rules
The 2016 Republican national Convention took ar in Cleveland, Ohio, at the Quicken loans Arena native July 18 come July 21, 2016.
In order to win the 2016 Republican presidential nomination, a candidate need to win 1,237 delegates at the national convention. Republicans have three species of delegates: congressional district delegates, at-large delegates and Republican nationwide Committee (RNC) members. There were meant to it is in a full of 2,472 delegates at the Republican national Convention.Donald trumped nominationSee also: Donald trump card presidential campaign, 2016See also: What occurred last night at the nomination vote?
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Donald Trump became the Republican presidential nominee top top July 19, 2016. He got the assistance of 89 delegates over the forced 1,237 delegates to earn the nomination. Governor of Indiana Mike Pence (R) earned the evil presidential nomination.<27>
Historical Republican national Conventions
The complying with table perform the Republican national Conventions organized by the Republican nationwide Committee (RNC):<28>
Year place RNC nominee
| 1856|| Philadelphia, Pennsylvania|| john C. Fremont|
| 1860|| Chicago, Illinois|| Abraham Lincoln|
| 1864|| Baltimore, Maryland|| Abraham Lincoln|
| 1868|| Chicago, Illinois|| Ulysses Grant|
| 1872|| Philadelphia, Pennsylvania|| Ulysses Grant|
| 1876|| Cincinnati, Ohio|| Rutherford B. Hayes|
| 1880|| Chicago, Illinois|| James Garfield|
| 1884|| Chicago, Illinois|| James G. Blaine|
| 1888|| Chicago, Illinois|| Benjamin Harrison|
| 1892|| Minneapolis, Minnesota|| Benjamin Harrison|
| 1896|| St. Louis, Missouri|| wilhelm McKinley|
| 1900|| Philadelphia, Pennsylvania|| wilhelm McKinley|
| 1904|| Chicago, Illinois|| Theodore Roosevelt|
| 1908|| Chicago, Illinois|| william Howard Taft|
| 1912|| Chicago, Illinois|| william Howard Taft|
| 1916|| Chicago, Illinois|| Charles Evan Hughes|
| 1920|| Chicago, Illinois|| Warren G. Harding|
| 1924|| Cleveland, Ohio|| Calvin Coolidge|
| 1928|| Kansas City, Kansas|| Herbert Hoover|
| 1932|| Chicago, Illinois|| Herbert Hoover|
| 1936|| Cleveland, Ohio|| Alfred Landon|
| 1940|| Philadelphia, Pennsylvania|| Wendell Willkie|
| 1944|| Chicago, Illinois|| thomas Dewey|
| 1948|| Philadelphia, Pennsylvania|| cutting board Dewey|
| 1952|| Chicago, Illinois|| Dwight Eisenhower|
| 1956|| san Francisco, California|| Dwight Eisenhower|
| 1960|| Chicago, Illinois|| Richard Nixon|
| 1964|| san Francisco, California|| Barry Goldwater|
| 1968|| Miami Beach, Florida|| Richard Nixon|
| 1972|| Miami Beach, Florida|| Richard Nixon|
| 1976|| Kansas City, Kansas|| Gerald Ford|
| 1980|| Detroit, Michigan|| Ronald Reagan|
| 1984|| Dallas, Texas|| Ronald Reagan|
| 1988|| brand-new Orleans, Louisiana|| George H. W. Bush|
| 1992|| Houston, Texas|| George H. W. Bush|
| 1996|| san Diego, California|| Bob Dole|
| 2000|| Philadelphia, Pennsylvania|| George W. Bush|
| 2004|| new York, new York|| George W. Bush|
| 2008|| St. Paul, Minnesota|| john McCain|
| 2012|| Tampa, Florida|| Mitt Romney|
| 2016|| Cleveland, Ohio|| Donald Trump|
| 2020|| Charlotte, phibìc Carolina|| Donald Trump|