Republican Party

The Republican Party is just one of the two major contemporary political next of the joined States. It is frequently referred to as the Grand Old Party or the GOP. The party"s main counterpart is the autonomous Party. The cool Old Party nickname, which had previously been supplied by southerly Democrats, was used to the Republican Party following the 1888 election cycle. In ~ the time, Republicans had actually regained regulate of the presidency and also Congress because that the first time since the grant administration. The Chicago Tribune proclaimed, "Let united state be thankful that under the dominance of the grand Old Party ... These United says will resume the onward and upward march i m sorry the election of Grover Cleveland in 1884 partly arrested."<1>

The party"s primary governing company is the Republican national Committee (RNC), i m sorry is responsible because that developing and also promoting the Republican politics platform, and also coordinating fundraising and election strategy. That is additionally responsible because that organizing and running the Republican national Convention every 4 years.

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The contemporary GOP support a conservative platform on the American political spectrum, with foundations in laissez-faire capitalism, low taxes, supply-side fiscal policies and also social conservatism.<1><2><3><4><5>

Party members typically yet do not constantly or uniformly favor the adhering to policy positions. All positions space taken indigenous the Republican Party"s 2016 platform:<6>

"Wherever tax rates penalize thrift or discourage investment, they must be lowered. Wherever present provisions the the code space disincentives for financial growth, they need to be changed";"We envision a an international multilateral agreement amongst nations committed to the values of open markets";"We ... Support the appointment of justices and judges who respect the constitutional limits on their power and respect the government of the says to decide ... An essential social questions";"Lawful gun ownership enables Americans to practice their God-given appropriate of self-defense because that the security of their homes, their loved ones, and their communities. ... Us oppose ill-conceived regulations that would restrict magazine volume or ban the sale of the many popular and also common modern rifle";"We support the advancement of all forms of power that room marketable in a complimentary economy without subsidies, consisting of coal, oil, natural gas, atom power, and hydropower";"To maintain Medicare and Medicaid, the gaue won of these vital programs should be lugged under control before they consume many of the commonwealth budget, consisting of national defense";"Our highest possible priority ... Have to be to secure ours borders and also all port of entry and also to obtrude our immigration laws";" need to be removed and replaced with strategy based on actual competition, patient choice, excellent care, wellness, and also timely accessibility to treatment."



The Republican Party (GOP) was founded in 1854 in Ripon, Wisconsin, through anti-slavery development activists and modernizers. The fledgling party quickly surpassed the Whig Party together the principal opposition come the autonomous Party. In 1860, the GOP climbed to strength upon the election of previous President Abraham Lincoln (R). The party maintained strength with the American civil War and also Reconstruction. The party’s main logo, the elephant, is obtained from a cartoon by cutting board Nast.<2>

The website for the Republican national Committee (RNC) gives the following background of the GOP:<7>

Founding of the Republican Party

On July 6, 1854, just after the anniversary of the nation, one anti-slavery state convention was hosted in Jackson, Michigan. The warm day forced the huge crowd outside to a nearby oak grove. In ~ this "Under the Oaks Convention" the an initial statewide candidates were selected for what would end up being the Republican Party.

United by desire to abolish slavery, it remained in Jackson that the platform of the Under the Oaks Convention read: "…we will certainly cooperate and also be known as REPUBLICANS…" prior to July, smaller teams had gathered in intimate settings favor the schoolhouse in Ripon, Wisconsin. However, the conference in Jackson would certainly be the an initial ever mass gathering of the Republican Party.

The surname "Republican" was chosen, alluding to cutting board Jefferson’s Democratic-Republican Party and conveying a commitment come the inalienable legal rights of life, liberty, and the search of happiness.

Party the Freedom

Though popularized in a thomas Nast cartoon, the GOP’s elephant prize originated during the 1860 campaign, as a prize of Republican strength. Republicans envisioned "free soil, free speech, totally free labor." Under the leadership of president Abraham Lincoln, the GOP ended up being the Party of the Union together well.

President Lincoln approve the Emancipation Proclamation, yet it to be the whole Republican Party who freed the slaves. The 1864 Republican nationwide Convention dubbed for the abolition the slavery, and Congressional republicans passed the 13th amendment unanimously, with only a couple of Democrat votes.

The early on women’s rights motion was solidly Republican, together it was a extension of abolitionism. They were mindful not to be overly partisan, however as did Susan B. Anthony, most suffragists favored the GOP. The 19th amendment was created by a Republican senator and garnered better support native Republicans 보다 from Democrats.

Party of Prosperity

Low taxes, sound money, regulation restraint: these were amongst the commonsense financial policies developed by the GOP the brought about decades of prosperity after ~ the civil War. Republicans encouraged innovation and rule of law. Buttressed by Republican control in Congress, the McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt and Taft managements cleared away obstacles to financial growth.

President Dwight Eisenhower and congressional republicans appreciated the fact that the personal sector, no government, is the engine of wide range creation. Through his bolder tax-cutting agenda, president Ronald Reagan restored the economic climate after year of Democrat malaise.

Party of Vision

Theodore Roosevelt embodies our Party’s classic concern because that the environment, but the Republican commitment come the environment actually goes back much more than that. Because that example, the world’s very first national park, Yellowstone, was established during the Ulysses provide administration.

President Eisenhower supported groundbreaking civil rights legislation and also vigorously enforced the Brown v plank of education decision, sending out the 101st Airborne to little Rock as soon as chaos erupted following integration at central High.

Ronald Reagan described the difference between Democrats and also Republicans in a way that cannot be enhanced upon: “Two visions the the future, 2 fundamentally various ways of governing – their government of pessimism, fear, and also limits, or ours of hope, confidence, and growth. Their government sees world only as members the groups. Ours serves all the civilization of America as individuals.

President George H.W. Bush championed community and also volunteer organizations and also the tremendous power they have actually for doing good. The famously explained them together “a brilliant diversity spread prefer stars, like a thousand points of irradiate in a large and relaxed sky.”

In the an initial decade that the 21st century, president George W. Shrub made an extraordinary commitment to help those in need past our shores with the President’s Emergency setup for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), an aid program for countries devastated through HIV/AIDS. Because its inception, PEPFAR has saved end a million lives and also currently provides over 5 million civilization with life-saving treatments.

Party that Strength

President Reagan and President George H.W. Shrub led west democracies to victory over Soviet tyranny in the Cold War. The George W. Bush administration maintained the armed forces second-to-none and also projected that strength in the fight versus international terrorism.

Party of the Future

Drawing incentive from ours Party’s history, today’s Republicans think individuals, not government, do the best decisions; all world are entitled to same rights; and decisions are finest made close to home.

At the state level, the country thirty Republican governors space making government much more effective and efficient, spurring financial growth and also striving to put more power in the hands of the people.

Nationally, Republicans recognize that the slow, bloated, top-down Washington administration is out-of-date in the 21st century. Our Party functions to provide Americans an ext choices—in healthcare, in education, in energy, and in the economy—and to complimentary individuals and also families native the intrusive overreach of federal bureaucrats.

The Party’s core ethics of freedom and also equal chance are as appropriate today as at our founding, and also they room the roadmap for American regeneration in a brand-new and interconnected world.<8>


National Party Leadership

The following table lists the national management of the Republican Party and the Republican nationwide Committee (RNC), as of January 2021:<9><10><11><12><13><14>

title Officer State
Chairwoman Ronna McDaniel Michigan
Co-chairman cutting board Hicks Jr. Texas
Treasurer Ron Kaufman Massachusetts
Secretary Vicki Drummond Alabama
Governors association chairman branch Doug Ducey Arizona
Senatorial project chairman Senator rick Scott Florida
Senate minority leader senator Mitch McConnell Kentucky
Senate minority whip Senator john Thune southern Dakota
Senate Republican Conference chair Senator man Barrasso Wyoming
Senate Republican policy Committee chair city council Roy Blunt Missouri
Senate Republican Conference angry chair city council Joni Ernst Iowa
house minority leader Congressman Kevin McCarthy California
house minority whip Congressman Steve Scalise Louisiana
home Republican Conference chairman Congresswoman Liz Cheney Wyoming
home Republican policy Committee chairman Congressman Gary Palmer Alabama
State chairpersons

The following table perform the state and also territory chairpersons of the Republican national Committee (RNC), together of September 2021. Click "show" ~ above the box below to watch the complete list.<15>

State Republican Party chairs, together of September 2021 State Chairperson State Chairperson
Alabama man Wahl Montana Don Kaltschmidt
Alaska Ann Brown Nebraska Dan Welch
American Samoa Taulapapa william Sword Nevada Michael McDonald
Arizona Kelli Ward new Hampshire Steve Stepanek
Arkansas Jonelle Fulmer brand-new Jersey Bob Hugin
California Jessica Millan Patterson new Mexico Steve Pearce
Colorado Kristi Burton Brown brand-new York Nicholas A. Langworthy
Connecticut Ben Proto phibìc Carolina Michael Whatley
Delaware jane Brady north Dakota Perrie Schafer
ar of Columbia Patrick Mara northern Mariana Islands James Ada
Florida Joe Gruters Ohio Bob Paduchik
Georgia David Shafer Oklahoma john Bennett
Guam Juan Carlos Benitez Oregon Dallas Heard
Hawaii Signe Godfrey Pennsylvania Lawrence Tabas
Idaho Tom Luna Puerto Rico angel Cintrón
Illinois Don Tracy Rhode Island Sue Cienki
Indiana Kyle Hupfer south Carolina drew McKissick
Iowa Jeff Kaufmann southern Dakota Dan Lederman
Kansas Mike Kuckelman Tennessee Scott Golden
Kentucky J. McCauley Brown Texas Matt Rinaldi
Louisiana louis Gurvich Utah Carson Jorgensen
Maine Demi Kouzounas Vermont Deb Billado
Maryland Dirk Haire U.S. Virgin Islands N/A
Massachusetts Jim Lyons Virginia wealthy Anderson
Michigan Ron Weiser Washington Caleb Heimlich
Minnesota Carleton Crawford (Acting chair) West Virginia mark Harris
Mississippi frank Bordeaux Wisconsin Paul Farrow
Missouri Nick Myers Wyoming open minded Eathorne

Historical chairpersons

The complying with table is a historical list the past and also present chairpersons of the Republican nationwide Committee (RNC):<16>

Chairperson term State
Edwin D. Morgan 1856-1864New York
Henry J. Raymond1864-1866New York
Marcus L. Ward1866-1868New Jersey
William Claflin1868-1872Massachusetts
Edwin D. Morgan1872-1876New York
Zachariah Chandler1876-1879Michigan
J. Donald Cameron1879-1880Pennsylvania
Marshall Jewell1880-1883Connecticut
Dwight M. Sabin1883-1884Minnesota
B. F. Jones1887-1888New Jersey
Matthew S. Quay1888-1891Pennsylvania
James S. Clarkson1891-1892Iowa
Thomas H. Carter1892-1896Montana
Marcus A. Hanna1896-1904Ohio
Henry Clay Payne1904Wisconsin
George Bruce Cortelyou1904-1907New York
Harry S. New1907-1908Indiana
Frank Harris Hitchcock1908-1909Ohio
John Fremont Hill1910-1912Maine
Victor Rosewater1912Nebraska
Charles D. Hilles1912-1916New York
Will H. Hays1918-1921Indiana
John T. Adams1921-1924Iowa
William M. Butler1925Massachusetts
Hubert Work1928-1929Colorado
Claudius H. Huston1929-1930Tennessee
Simeon D. Fess1931Ohio
Everett Sanders1932-1934Indiana
Henry P. Fletcher1934-1936Pennsylvania
John Hamilton1936-1937Kansas
Joseph W. Martin, Jr.1940-1942Massachusetts
Bailey Walsh1942Tennessee
Harrison E. Spangler1942-1944Iowa
Herbert Brownell, Jr.1944-1946New York
Carroll Reece1946-1948Tennessee
Hugh D. Scott, Jr.1948-1949Pennsylvania
Guy G. Gabrielson1949-1952New Jersey
Arthur E. Summerfield1952-1953Michigan
Wesley Roberts1953Kansas
Leonard W. Hall1953-1957New York
Meade Alcorn1957-1959Connecticut
Thruston B. Morton1959-1961Kentucky
William E. Miller1961-1964New York
Dean Burch1964-1965Arizona
Ray C. Bliss1965-1969Ohio
Rogers C. B. Morton1969-1971Maryland
Robert Dole1971-1973Kansas
George H. W. Bush1973-1974Texas
Mary Louise Smith1974-1977Iowa
William E. Brock III1977-1981Tennessee
Richard Richards1981-1983Utah
Frank J. Fahrenkopf, Jr.1983-1989Nevada
Lee Atwater1989-1991South Carolina
Clayton Keith Yeutter1991-1992Nebraska
Richard Bond1992-1993Missouri
Haley Barbour1993-1997Mississippi
Jim Nicholson1997-2001Colorado
Jim Gilmore2001-2002Virginia
Marc Racicot2002-2003Montana
Ed Gillespie2003-2005Virginia
Ken Mehlman2005-2007Washington, D.C.
Mike Duncan2007-2009Kentucky
Michael Steele2009-2011Maryland
Reince Priebus2011-2017Wisconsin
Ronna Romney McDaniel2017 - PresentMichigan


See also: The Republican Platform and RNC platform Committee, 2016See also: The Republican Party Platform, 2020

The Republican nationwide Committee (RNC) drafts a party platform every 4 years. The communication outlines the main principles, plan stances, and also priorities the the Republican Party. It also serves as a system for help candidates up-and-down the ballot form their messages and also for hold candidates account to the more comprehensive party consensus.

The Republican national Committee"s executive, management Committee poll on June 10, 2020, to take on the same platform the party supplied in 2016. The decision attach a series of adjustments to the itinerary and location that the Republican nationwide Convention as result of the coronavirus pandemic, consisting of reducing the number of in-person delegates attending the convention in Charlotte, phibìc Carolina, from 2,500 to 336, and canceling the meeting of the communication Committee.<17><18>

Click right here to watch the finish 2016 Republican Party Platform.


2020 Republican national Convention

See also: Republican national Convention, 2020

The Republican Party hosted its nationwide convention from respectable 24-27, 2020.<19>

Limited in-person occasions took ar in Charlotte, phibìc Carolina.<20> top top July 23, 2020, chairman Donald trump announced the high-profile convention events previously relocated to Jacksonville, Florida, consisting of his nomination acceptance speech, had actually been canceled for public health and safety reasons. Trump formally welcomed the party"s nomination indigenous the White House.<21><22><23>

The convention was originally scheduled to take place entirely in Charlotte yet statewide limitations in an answer to the coronavirus pandemic brought about the convention"s planned relocation come Jacksonville.<24> The Republican national Committee executive, management Committee voted to downsize the convention in Charlotte, reduce the number of in-person delegates native 2,500 to 336. The committee additionally decided to take on the 2016 communication again because the communication Committee would certainly not it is in meeting.<25>

At the convention, party delegates typically choose the Republican presidential nominee and vote to take on a communication outlining the party"s policy priorities and values. According to presidential historian Tevi Troy, however, "conventions now remain largely party advertising methods rather 보다 fora for actual decision-making."<26>

2016 Republican national Convention

See also: Republican national Convention, 2016See also: 2016 presidential nominations: calendar and also delegate rules

The 2016 Republican national Convention took ar in Cleveland, Ohio, at the Quicken loans Arena native July 18 come July 21, 2016.

In order to win the 2016 Republican presidential nomination, a candidate need to win 1,237 delegates at the national convention. Republicans have three species of delegates: congressional district delegates, at-large delegates and Republican nationwide Committee (RNC) members. There were meant to it is in a full of 2,472 delegates at the Republican national Convention.

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Donald trumped nominationSee also: Donald trump card presidential campaign, 2016See also: What occurred last night at the nomination vote?

Donald Trump became the Republican presidential nominee top top July 19, 2016. He got the assistance of 89 delegates over the forced 1,237 delegates to earn the nomination. Governor of Indiana Mike Pence (R) earned the evil presidential nomination.<27>

Historical Republican national Conventions

The complying with table perform the Republican national Conventions organized by the Republican nationwide Committee (RNC):<28>

Year place RNC nominee
1856 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania john C. Fremont
1860 Chicago, Illinois Abraham Lincoln
1864 Baltimore, Maryland Abraham Lincoln
1868 Chicago, Illinois Ulysses Grant
1872 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Ulysses Grant
1876 Cincinnati, Ohio Rutherford B. Hayes
1880 Chicago, Illinois James Garfield
1884 Chicago, Illinois James G. Blaine
1888 Chicago, Illinois Benjamin Harrison
1892 Minneapolis, Minnesota Benjamin Harrison
1896 St. Louis, Missouri wilhelm McKinley
1900 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania wilhelm McKinley
1904 Chicago, Illinois Theodore Roosevelt
1908 Chicago, Illinois william Howard Taft
1912 Chicago, Illinois william Howard Taft
1916 Chicago, Illinois Charles Evan Hughes
1920 Chicago, Illinois Warren G. Harding
1924 Cleveland, Ohio Calvin Coolidge
1928 Kansas City, Kansas Herbert Hoover
1932 Chicago, Illinois Herbert Hoover
1936 Cleveland, Ohio Alfred Landon
1940 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Wendell Willkie
1944 Chicago, Illinois thomas Dewey
1948 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania cutting board Dewey
1952 Chicago, Illinois Dwight Eisenhower
1956 san Francisco, California Dwight Eisenhower
1960 Chicago, Illinois Richard Nixon
1964 san Francisco, California Barry Goldwater
1968 Miami Beach, Florida Richard Nixon
1972 Miami Beach, Florida Richard Nixon
1976 Kansas City, Kansas Gerald Ford
1980 Detroit, Michigan Ronald Reagan
1984 Dallas, Texas Ronald Reagan
1988 brand-new Orleans, Louisiana George H. W. Bush
1992 Houston, Texas George H. W. Bush
1996 san Diego, California Bob Dole
2000 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania George W. Bush
2004 new York, new York George W. Bush
2008 St. Paul, Minnesota john McCain
2012 Tampa, Florida Mitt Romney
2016 Cleveland, Ohio Donald Trump
2020 Charlotte, phibìc Carolina Donald Trump