An example of a word v the finishing of -ía is sangría, which follow to Wiktionary has actually an etymology the "From sangre (“blood”) + -ía".
An instance of a word through the ending of -ia is altisonancia, which according to Wiktionary has actually an etymology that "altisonante + -ia".
Words obtained from Latin and then ancient Greek don"t it seems ~ to it is in any more consistent. One word with -ía is policía, which is "From Latin politīa, from ancient Greek πολιτεία (politeía)." One word with -ia is historia which is "Borrowed native Latin historia, from ancient Greek ἱστορία (historía)."
One piece of valuable information I discovered was the -ería is a usual suffix, while there doesn"t it seems ~ to be a suffix that "-eria". (Are there any words finishing with eria?)
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Andrew GrimmAndrew Grimm
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As have the right to be watched from your examples, that is often arbitrary, and many time the visibility or absence of an interval on the /i/ currently happened in a vault etimological step (Latin historia vs politīa). Therefore in numerous cases, one just needs to learn the details cases through heart, or dig up your etymology.
You are watching: Spanish words that end in ia
As you said, there are some suffix that make this task easier. The complying with is a non-exhaustive list:
Nouns finishing in -ncia comes from adjectives ending in -nte: redundancia, resistencia. Exception: mercancía. Note also: alcancía does no come native an adjective.
Adjectives ending in -ario, -aria: becaria, monetaria
Most countries: Alemania, Finlandia. Exception: Turquía.
Suffix -cracia, meaning "power, government": democracia, aristocracia.
Suffix -algia, meaning "pain": nostalgia, mialgia.
Verb tenses: very first and 3rd person singular the condicional of all verbs (cantaría, bebería) and also pretérito imperfecto of verbs in -er, -ir (comía, vivía).
Suffixes -logía for sciences (geología, antropología) and also -sofía (filosofía).
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Suffix -nomía an interpretation "set of laws/rules": autonomía, astronomía. Exception: antinomia.