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Savage / Stevens Boxlock Style dual Barrel Shotguns
dual Barrel Shotguns ; Double barrels shotguns to be "the gun" for a good many years prior to the repeaters came into being. Some of these were "Work that Art", Parkers, LC Smith, Fox Sterlingworth, Winchester design 21, while rather were simply working guns, these Savage/Stevens fitting the category.
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The two main kind of hammerless twin barrel shotguns are sidelock and also boxlock. Every the Stevens/Savage weapons were boxlock.
The Savage agency reserved their name to a more deluxe double, (a pull on up version of the standard version Stevens 311) and also named it the Savage Fox design B.
Listed below is background of the 2 companies, which will aid explain this article.
Stevens Armswas anAmericanfirearmsmanufacturer started by Joshua Stevens in 1864 inChicopee Falls, MA. The company introduced the.22 lengthy Rifleround and made a number ofrifle,shotgun, and targetpistoldesigns. Through 1902 lock were advertising themselves together "the largest producers of sporting arms in the world". They to be purchased byNew England Westinghouseon might 28, 1915 and also again bySavage Armson April 1, 1920. Together a subsidiary department of Savage, Stevens ongoing to create firearms at your Chicopee falls facility till 1960, yet in a semi-independent standing until 1942 . That plant was torn down in1960 and the Stevens manufacturing was moved right into other Savage facilities. Savage reduce the Stevens name in 1991 but revived it in 1999 and still uses it this particular day for a variety of its low cost rifles and shotguns.
This merger made Savage the largest producer of eight in the United claims at the time.
Savage arms was started in 1894 byArthur SavageinUtica, new York. Within 20 years they were developing rifles, handguns, and ammunition. Savage presented the first hammerless lever-action rifle, theModel 1895, acquired from Arthur Savage"s version 1892 rifle the he had designed forColtin a failure bid because that a US military rifle contract that rather was won by theKrag–Jørgensendesign.The design 1895 winner aNew York national Guardcontract, however the contract was cancelled because of political controversy.
Savage was among six suppliers to get involved in the united States army trials because that a.45 calibersemi-automatic pistol, and also was called one that the two finalists before losing out toColt"s design, which would come to be theM1911 pistol. Savage marketed a collection of.32and.380caliberpocket pistols, theModels 1907, 1915, and 1917based top top the same patents together their .45 caliber prototype.
Savage combined with theDriggs-SeaburyOrdnance agency during human being War I and producedLewis device gunsat Driggs-Seabury"s former plant inSharon, Pennsylvania. Savage likewise producedModel 1899 musketsfor the Montreal house Guard during people War I.
In 1919, Arthur Savage was approached by cook Lame Deer to buy rifles because that his tribe in new York. Lame Deer available to allow Savage to use his photo as its logo in exchange for discounted rifles and an annual fee. As of 2018, Savage Arms was still paying the yearly fee.
In 1920, Savage boughtStevens ArmsofChicopee Falls, MA. In July 1921, a mortgage securing five promissory notes, each for $21,416, was filed in the ar Clerk"s office inUticashowing that the Savage arms Corporation had purchased a "number of structures erected through the government" duringWorld war Ifor enhancing the output of Lewis device guns in ~ the plant. The notes to be due in 1927. In 1929 Savage obtained the A.H. Fox Gun agency ofPhiladelphiaand moved production come Utica. Likewise in 1929 Crescent Arms was bought by Savage arms Corp.
In 1939, Savage presented theModel 24combination gun(a configuration unusual in the U.S.), which marketed over a million copies.
Savage was one of the few American equipments of affordable double-barrel shotguns consisting of theFox Sterlingworth, Fox version B, and Stevens version 311 and also produced rifles and also shotguns under home brand names for large store chains.
CRESCENT F. A. CO. Norwich, ConnecticutThe agency made good quality inexpensive solitary and double-barrel shotguns in ~ its Norwich works, beginning around 1892. It to be bought through H&D Folsom of new York City, large importers and also distributors the firearms and also sporting goods, for this reason they could include an American-made sidelock hammer, side-by-side to their extensive range of imported guns. The Crescent guns were available in 12, 16, 20, and 28 gauges and later, 44XL shoot caliber v Damascus twist laminated or Armory stole barrels relying on the shooter’s wants.It was merged with Davis-Warner eight Corp. Successors to N.R. Davis & young Co. And became Crescent-Davis eight Corp. Crescent Arms was bought by Savage arms Corp. In 1929. In 1932 the procedure was moved to the Stevens plant at Springfield, Mass. Wherein some sidelock doubles were assembled, Crescent-Davis brand firearms remained in Steven’s full line brochure until 1941 yet from 1937 to 1941 the doubles marketed in the Crescent-Davis brand to be on one of two people Stevens or Davis boxlock frames.
Savage likewise sold these weapons to letter order homes like Sears and also Montgomery Wards which provided their own design number.
Listed listed below are many of the Savage/Stevens/Springfield models produced. Springfield name was generally used on the lower priced, keep brand models if that keep did not have actually it"s own trade name, or the stimulate was little enough to no bother with a profession model. All are made ~ above the same basic Savage design B frame.
Savage Fox B (Double triggers)Savage Fox BST, BSTE, BDE, BSE-C, BSE-D, BSE-E, BSE-F, BSE-H (Single Trigger)NOTE- any type of model that has an E behind the version number suggested it had ejectors as compared to the usual (economically to produce) extractor type.Stevens 311, 311A, 311C, 311D, 311E, 311F, 311H, 311S, 311T, 315, 315S, 330, 331, 530, 530A, 530M, 550, (Double Trigger) (here the E series does not designate Ejector)Springfield 511, 511A , 5000, 5100 (Double Trigger)
When Savage make any far-reaching change in a firearm, they included a collection letter behind the model
|Old Stevens sales prochure|
This was some great information that I discovered from gun Digest pertaining come serial number :
1. Stevens used plain numbers from your first dual in 1878 until 1913.
2. Letter prefixes crept in on the serial numbers provided on both hammer and hammerless doubles indigenous 1913 to 1939. They constantly signified a readjust in mechanical style or manufacturing process which resulted in an exciting variant.
3. Indigenous 1940 come 1948 no serial number were used on doubles, only funding letters, generally in teams of three or four, the letter(s) periodically enclosed in a circle, in addition to an inspector’s price ( a love , a diamond, a spade or some such ‘shape’, on the bottom the the structure behind the hinge pin.
4. Indigenous 1948 come 1968 the letter icons under the structure were adjusted to a ‘Capital letter with a one or 2 digit number’ in a 1/4″ circle. This was a day code i m sorry you will certainly find shown in the Savage-Stevens-Fox pages of your Standard brochure of Firearms.5. Native October 1968 to March 1988 Savage/Stevens/Fox B doubles are serial numbered in a fully new serial number variety beginning in ~ A000001. The six digit (always) numbers, stamped only on the left side of the frame, not on the barrels or fore end or on the wood, are preceded by capital letters from A come E. The letters perform not correlate to manufacturing years. The letter prefix accompanied the Savage/Stevens/Fox B/Springfield serial number top top every gun theymade from 1968 on.
Beginning around 1978 number 1 come 20 were also stamped ~ above the three major components, frame, barrels and fore end iron, to permit the manufacturing facility to save 20 guns of like model together in a team for packing in the traditional 20 total shipping carton.One collector just in twin guns stopped trying to find numbers ~ above Savage/Stevens doubles after 1988 since that’s the year castle shipped their last ‘Stevens model 311′.The greatest number I have seen to be on 20 gauge Stevens
Model 311 series H serial number E957971.
The Savage branded imported doubles, over and unders or next by sides, are numbered differently. Each design is numbered in the variety created through its manufacturer. As you probably have actually heard, Savage/Stevens’ production records on your older models were destroyed in a sprinkler accident a variety of years ago, according to officers of the company.
The following are excerpts from a old shotgun forum.
Tenite stocks very first appears in the 1940 Stevens/Springfield/Crescent-Davis shown price list on the Stevens No. 530M double. The No. 530 through a walnut stock had a dealer"s price the $19.30 and a said retail price that $24.00. The No. 530M had a dealer"s price of $18.20 and a said retail price that $22.75. For $3.25 extra either could be had with a non-selective solitary trigger. Offerings were the exact same for 1941 through prices up around $2 across the board.Post WW-II the Tenite offerings broadened to include the version 94 hammer solitary barrel, the now Stevens design 311 twin barrel and the version 22-410 over / under. Additionally for 1948 the brand-new Stevens model 124 overcome Bolt Repeating 12-gauge Shotgun was introduced with the Tenite stock. Offerings were the very same for Tenite stocked weapons in 1949. By 1951 the just such stock still offered was ~ above the model 124 and the surname Tenite wasn"t mentioned, just "durable service-proven molded plastic." by the 1952 catalogue every little thing is walnut or walnut perfect hardwood.The miscellaneous versions the the 20-gauge Fox design B acquired 3-inch chambers in the 1964-65 time frame. The 12-gauges version of the Fox B with twin triggers got 3-inch chambers in 1973. From the catalogues it shows up Savage never ever quite trusted their single trigger with 12-gauge 3-inch magnum recoil. I would certainly imagine the Stevens No. 311S gained 3-inch chambers about the same time as the Fox model BS. One day I"ll acquire the catalogues out and also look.------------I have actually a Stevens 311A do in 1963 , 20 gauge, v 3 inch manufacturing facility chambers. Ns think that it was very first chambered for 3" in the year (12 gauge 3" came around 10 years later). Expect this helps.---------Hi all, brand-new to the board, good source of info. Right now restoring a pair of Stevens 311S and found this post. The 311A 20 gauge I have was do in 1957, based upon the "17I" in the oval in ~ the front of the receiver base. (also info derived from this site!) and also is chambered because that 3" shells. The 12 gauge 311A to be made in 1951 and also has 2 3/4" chambers.------------311A"s were made start in 1949 i believe. Is there a circled letter ~ above the receiver? "A" indicates 1949, "B" 1950, etc. I own a 5100, the 311"s predecessor. They space a great, high quality American do shotgun. Welcome come the board.-------------The fact that it has no serial # suggests that it to be made before 1968, when the Gun regulate Act that 1968 compelled that all guns have serial #s.The design 311 started as the Springfield 5000 around 1920 with version designation changing to 5100 in 1931. About 1940 it came to be the Stevens version 311. It was discontinued in 1989.If it was manufactured between 1949 and also 1968 there should be a small circle v a number and letter stamped in between the trigger and the hinge pin. The letter mirrors the year the manufacture. A come N = 1949 - 1961P = 1963R to V = 1964 - 1968Yours, with a circled "A", was probably made in, or an extremely close to, 1949.Value? Well, here we have a little bit of a discrepancy. The Standard catalog of guns values it at:Model 311A - Hammerless Boxlock:Exc. - $525V.G. - $450The Blue publication values it at:Model 311 SxS (16 ga.):98% - $29595% - $24090% - $220Why the huge difference? her guess is as an excellent as mine!------------The Stevens SxS"s have a day code. The is a tiny circle (you require a magnifying glass) through a number adhered to by a letter inside the very tiny circle. A=1949 B=1950... V=1968 etc. O and Q were no used. Execute not confused this with the mfg marks i beg your pardon are much larger, or the serial #. If it has actually a serial # it is post 68".-------------1. Stevens offered plain number from their first dual in 1878 till 1913.2. Letter prefixes crept in ~ above the serial numbers provided on both hammer and also hammerless doubles indigenous 1913 to 1939. They constantly signified a change in mechanical style or manufacturing process which led to an interesting variant.3. From 1940 to 1948 no serial numbers were used on doubles, only funding letters, normally in teams of three or four, the letter(s) occasionally enclosed in a circle, together with an inspector’s prize ( a heart , a diamond, a spade or part such ‘shape’, ~ above the bottom the the framework behind the hinge pin.4. From 1948 to 1968 the letter symbols under the frame were changed to a ‘Capital letter with a one or 2 digit number’ in a 1/4? circle. This to be a date code i m sorry you will find portrayed in the Savage-Stevens-Fox pages of your Standard catalog of Firearms.5. Native October 1968 to March 1988 Savage/Stevens/Fox B doubles room serial numbered in a fully new serial number variety beginning in ~ A000001. The six digit (always) numbers, stamped just on the left next of the frame, not on the barrels or fore finish or top top the wood, are preceded by resources letters indigenous A to E. The letters execute not correlate to production years. The letter prefix add the Savage/Stevens/FoxB/Springfield serial number on every total they made from 1968 on. Beginning around 1978 number 1 come 20 were also stamped top top the three major components, frame, barrels and fore end iron, to permit the factory to keep 20 weapons of like design together in a team for packing in the standard 20 pistol shipping carton.Yours is one of these. Because I to be interested only in double guns ns stopped searching for numbers on Savage’Stevens doubles after 1988 since that’s the year lock shipped their last ‘Stevens design 311".The highest possible number I have seen to be on 20 gauge Stevens version 311 series H serial number E957971. The Savage branded imported doubles, over and also unders or side by sides, space numbered differently. Each design is numbered in the range created by its manufacturer. As you probably have actually heard, Savage/Stevens’ manufacturing records on their older models were ruined in a sprinkler accident around 35 year ago, according to policemans of the company.To calculation an approximate variety of ‘Stevens design 311s’ the were do from 1968 to 1988 you can do this math exercise. Because Savage offered 5 letter (A to E), each on 999,999 guns, castle must have actually made around 5 million guns. Possibly 40% to be doubles in the assorted Savage Brands and also Private Brands. That provides 2 million doubles of i beg your pardon I calculation 80% were Stevens 311"s. And also that’s no counting production prior to 1968. No wonder the “311? in its various variations is the every time favorite American make double.And think how plenty of Stevens 311s ( and also Stevens made doubles that looked choose Stevens 311s yet carried exclusive brands) had currently been created in the years between 1940 (first year that the ‘true’ Stevens model 311) and 1968, during which time they weren’t serial numbered in ~ all! There should be at least 4 million Stevens design 311s, in one type or another, the end there!-----------Savage arms no longer answers questions about old Stevens guns. ----------
Savage SS /DB / OU shotgun date codeA 1949 B 1950 C 1951D 1952 E 1953 F 1954G 1955 H 1956 ns 1957J 1958 K 1959 l 1960M 1961 N 1962 p 1963R 1964 S 1965 T 1966U 1967 V 1968 W 1969X1970"Collectors will find a date code stamped on every double-barrel shotgun in the Stevens brands produced between March 1949 and December 1968. Usually, that is behind the hinge pin or front of the create guard top top the bottom the the frame. That will show up as a tiny circle include a number and a letter. The letter correspond to the years presented in the following table. Significance of the number is no known."**From page 1101 that Ned Schwing"s 2004 Standard magazine of Firearms, 14th Edition, published by Krause publication of Iola, WI.I would choose to add that ns have found this circle, or oval, comprise one or 2 numbers to add a solitary letter, just around anywhere and everywhere ~ above the frame, however only on the outside of the frame, never ever inside. Ns have also found the one or oval with letters and numbers on the barrel clusters, top top the shoot barrel or on the barrel assembly lug block. While the letter within the circle constantly match on factory matching barrel and frame, the numbers never ever match, or at the very least that has always been mine experience. These day Codes are also present ~ above the design 94 frames and also barrels, and also I am certain on numerous others.The marks on the within of the frame, whereby the lower barrel seats when closed, space what i would contact assembly stampings, and also match frame to barrel, found on underside of shoot barrel close to forend lug, and also sometimes found on the target stock under the butt plate. ~EE Gunsmithing information ; ~ above this collection of shotguns, many parts will certainly interchange, but here were some interior changes, choose hammers that are different, along with parts for smaller sized gauges. Safeties and extractors usually interchanged. Cause guards would certainly interchange no issue the configuration. Cause guards were originally a pot metal casting, then a an easy stamped out sheet steel one. The Fox Bs to be a much more elaborate steel casting. Forends and also the hanger base went through a lot of changes.
Frames were also different as the beforehand ones at the rear had actually scallops on each side, where the later models the frame was level vertically.
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because that those of you who do not understand the indigenous Tenite when offered in stocks. It was essentially a plastic molded, checkered stock, both buttstock and also forearm, making use of a simple brown v a black color swirly pattern, simulating wood. This buttstocks confirmed rather weak at the junction whereby the flavor was, with most being cracked.
In the LH photos below, note the scalloped former contour in between the receiver and stock. The RH photo below, this stock supposedly came off one of the 311s the was shipped to the us Navy.