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Date:1770 - 1790 ...(Show more)Context:Jean-Jacques Rousseau...(Show more)Key People:Johann Wolfgang von GoetheJakob Michael Reinhold LenzFriedrich SchillerChristian Friedrich Daniel SchubartFriedrich Leopold, Graf zu Stolberg-Stolberg...(Show more)
Sturm und Drang, (German: “Storm and Stress”), German literary movement of the late 18th century that exalted nature, feeling, and also human individualism and also sought to overthrow the enlightenment cult that Rationalism. Goethe and also Schiller began their careers as influential members that the movement.
The index number of the Sturm und Drang were profoundly affected by the thought of Rousseau and also Johann Georg Hamann, who hosted that the simple verities of visibility were to be apprehended through faith and also the suffer of the senses. The young writers additionally were affected by the functions of the English poet Edward Young, the pseudo-epic poetry of James Macpherson’s “Ossian,” and also the recently analyzed works of Shakespeare.
The Sturm und Drang (“Storm and Stress”) movement, with its focus on feeling and also individualism, has regularly been described...
Sturm und Drang to be intimately connected with the young Goethe. When a student at Strasbourg, that made the acquaintance that Johann Gottfried von Herder, a previous pupil of Hamann, who interested the in Gothic architecture, German people songs, and also Shakespeare. Inspired by Herder’s ideas, Goethe embarked top top a duration of extraordinary creativity. In 1773 he published a beat based ~ above the 16th-century German knight, Götz von Berlichingen, and also collaborated with Herder and also others ~ above the pamphlet “Von deutscher art und Kunst,” which was a sort of manifesto because that the Sturm und Drang. His novel Die Leiden des jungen Werthers (1774; The Sorrows that Young Werther), i beg your pardon epitomized the spirit of the movement, do him civilization famous and inspired a host of imitators.
The dramatic literature of the Sturm und Drang to be its many characteristic product. Indeed, the an extremely name the the movement was borrowed from a play by Friedrich von Klinger, who had actually been inspired by the desire to present on the stage numbers of shakespearean grandeur, subordinating structure considerations come character and also rejecting the conventions that French Neoclassicism, which had actually been imported by the movie critic Johann Christop von Gottsched. V the manufacturing of Die Räuber (1781; The Robbers) by Schiller, the drama that the Sturm und Drang gone into a brand-new phase.
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Self-discipline was not a tenet the the Sturm und Drang, and also the activity soon worn down itself. That two many gifted representatives, Goethe and Schiller, went on to produce good works that developed the body and also soul that German timeless literature.