A nation that is landlocked is one that has actually no direct accessibility to the open ocean. This method that the nation is totally surrounded by floor on all sides or that any type of coastlines are to fastened seas.

There room 48 nations in the human being that are taken into consideration landlocked.

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South America is the 4th largest continent in the world and also has twelve sovereign countries and two non-sovereign areas. The these nations inSouth America there room two countries that are landlocked: Bolivia and and Paraguay.


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Map showing the location of Paraguay and Bolivia, the just two landlocked nations in southern America.

Bolivia, at 1,098,581 sq. Km. (424,163sq. Mi.) is the 28th largest nation in the world and is the largest landlocked country in southern America. Paraguay is406,752 sq. Km. (157,048sq. Mi.) is the 60th largest nation in the world.

These two countries are the just landlocked countries outside ofAfro-Eurasia(which containsthe continent of Europe, Africa, and also Asia. No Australia no one North America have any landlocked countries.


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La Paz, the administrative capital that Bolivia, is the world’s highest resources city (3,660 m; 12,005 ft). Photo: CIA, windy domain

Bolivia once had a shore along the Pacific Ocean however lostits coastline territory to Chile during theWar of the Pacific. That means (from1879 come 1883) pitted Chile against Bolivia and Peru. Chile ultimately won a big amount of territory from both countries, causing Bolivia ending up being a landlocked country.

Interestingly, Bolivia still maintains an Navy, using Lake Titicaca as its maintain ground. “Dia del Mar” (Day the the Sea) is celebrated each year on march 23rd by Bolivia to mark the loss of the war and also the country’s s access.


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Map reflecting Bolivia and also Peru’s pre-war borders (shaded colors) and also current borders (black line). Map: Keysanger, Wikimedia Commons.

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Paraguay additionally maintains a Navy because of its accessibility to theAtlantic Oceanvia theParaguay–Paranárivers.

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Tags Bolivia, landlocked countries, Paraguay, political geography, south America go into your email to receive the location Realm newsletter: