The tale of Oedipus is famed within Greek Mythology. Born come King Laius and Queen Jocasta that Thebes, Oedipus was destined to it is in damned every his life. ~ above birth, a prophecy bordering him foresaw the he would murder his very own father and also marry his own mother. The prophecy led that to it is in abandoned, and also later, conserved and adopted by the childless king and queen that Corinth.

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Later in life, Oedipus reigned end Thebes, not knowing that he has fulfilled the prophecy until a afflict strikes the city. His determination to discover a cure and also the reasons behind it caused the shocking reality that he had, in fact, killed his own father and also married his very own mother. This fact led come the death of his wife and mother and also brought Oedipus to remote himself making use of two golden pins indigenous Jocasta’s regal dress. Metaphorically, this is an act of punishment that Oedipus put on himself because he is embarrassing of what he has actually done.

Early Life

King Laius and also Queen Jocasta had actually been longing to have a son of their own. Seek the advice native the oracle in Delphi, they were upset top top the answer given to them.

The oracle prophesied the if they bore a child, a boy from your blood and also flesh, the will grow up and also later kill his very own father and also marry his very own mother. This come as a shock to both King Laius and Queen Jocasta. Hearing this, King Laius tries to continue to be away from Jocasta to no sleep through her, but eventually, Jocasta to be pregnant v a child.

Jocasta provided birth to a son, and Laius determined to abandon the boy upon the mountains and leave it come die. He ordered his servants come pierce the children ankle so the it would certainly not have the ability to crawl, and also even later on in the child’s life, to inflict damage unto him.

Laius then provided the child to a shepherd who was notified to carry the kid to the mountains and leave him over there to die. The shepherd to be so overwhelmed by his feelings that he might not carry out it, however he was likewise afraid the disobeying the king order. Coincidentally, another shepherd, a Corinthian, pass by the same hill with his flocks, and also the Thebes shepherd handed over the son to him.

Oedipus, the Corinthian Prince

The shepherd brought the child to the court that King Polybus and Queen Merope the Corinth. Both king and queen were childless, for this reason they determined to take on him and raise him as their own upon being presented v the child. And with that, they named him Oedipus, which method “Swollen Ankle.”

As Oedipus thrived up, he was told the both King Polybus and also Queen Merope were no his birth parents. And so, to learn about the truth around his parents, he finished up in Delphi, search answers native the Oracle.

Instead of gift presented v the answer the he was looking for, he was told the he would kill his father and also marry his mother. Top top hearing this, he to be horrified and didn’t desire the prophecy come come true, so he made decision to flee from Corinth.

As the wandered, he crossed routes with a chariot carrying King Laius, his birth father. An argument arose as come whom need to pass first, which brought about Oedipus death the charioteer and also his father, King Laius. However, one of Laius’ servants regulated to escaped indigenous Oedipus’ wrath.

Meeting v the Sphinx

Soon after, Oedipus met v the Sphinx, that was gate-guarding the entrance into Thebes’ city. The Sphinx gift Oedipus with a riddle. She would let Oedipus happen if he controlled to resolve her riddle, yet if not, he would be devoured.

The riddle goes choose this: “What walks on four feet in the morning, 2 in the afternoon, and three in ~ night?”

Oedipus gave mindful thought and answered “Man,” and also the answer to be correct to the Sphinx’s dismay. Defeated, the Sphinx then hurled herself off the rock she was sitting on and died.

Following his success in defeating the Sphinx and freeing the city native it, Oedipus to be rewarded the hand the the queen and also the throne the Thebes.

Strikes of the plague

Several years passed, and a plague fight the city the Thebes. Oedipus sent Creon, his brother-in-law, to Delphi come consult through the Oracle. Creon returned to the city and also told Oedipus the the torment was divine retribution for killing the previous king that has actually never been lugged to justice.

Oedipus swore to gain to the bottom the the matter. He had no idea that the killer was actually himself. he consulted the blind seer, Tiresias, ~ above the matter, however Tiresias mentioned that Oedipus was, in fact, the one that was responsible because that the killing.

Oedipus refused to believe that he was the one responsible. Instead, that accused Tiresias the plotting through Creon come dethrone him.

The truth unravels


Jocasta make the efforts to comfort Oedipus and educated him around what had happened to she late husband throughout the process. Come Oedipus’ dismay, the sounded similar to what he had actually encountered years ago that brought about the discussion with the unknown charioteer.

Eventually, Oedipus identified that he had actually killed his own father and also married his own mom soon after. After hearing and also learning about the unstable truth, Jocasta chose to take her own life by hanging herself in she chamber. Oedipus found Jocasta’s lifeless body, and took two golden pins from her regal dress and also pricked both of his eyes out.

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Creon exiled Oedipus, that was add by his daughter, Antigone. Quickly after, both that them finished up in a town exterior Athens, called Colonus. According to a prophecy, this is the city that Oedipus was supposed to dice in, and there he was buried in a grave committed to the Erinyes.