148.

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The Substantive ask Pronoun quis (who?) quid (what?) is declined in the Singular as follows.

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The many is the same as that of the family member quī, quae, quae.

a. The singular quis is either masculine or that indeterminate gender, yet in old writers it is sometimes distinctly feminine.

b. The Adjective ask Pronoun quī, quae, quod(what type of? what? which?) is decreased throughout like the Relative.


SUBSTANTIVEADJECTIVE
quis vocatwho calls?quī homō vocatwhat male calls?
quid vidēswhat execute you see?quod templum vidēswhat temple execute you see?

Note— however quī is often used without any apparent adjective force; and also quis is very common as an adjective, specifically with words denoting a person.

Quī nōminat mē?Who calls my name? Quis diēs fuit?What day to be it? Quis homō?What man?

But oftenQuī homō?What kind of man? Nesciō quī sīs.I understand not who you are.

c. Quisnam(pray, who?) is an emphatic interrogative. It has actually both substantive and also adjective forms like quis, quī.

149. The Indefinite pronouns quis (any one) and quī (any) are declined like the corresponding Interrogatives, however qua is commonly used for quae other than in the nominative plural feminine.


SUBSTANTIVEquisany one quidanything
ADJECTIVEquī, qua(quae), quodany

a. The feminine creates qua and quae are periodically used substantively.

b. The indefinites quis and quī are rare except after , nisi, , and num, and in link (see § 310.a-b).

Note— After this particles quī is regularly used as a substantive and quis together an adjective (cf. § 148.b Note, above).

150. The Relative, Interrogative, and Indefinite pronouns are initially of the very same stem, and most of the creates are the exact same (compare § 147 v § 148,above). The stem has two forms in the masculine and also neuter, quo-, qui-, and also one for the feminine, quā-. The interrogative feeling is for sure the initial one.

a. Old develops for the genitive and dative singular space quôius, quoi.

b. The type quī is supplied for the ablative the both numbers and also all genders; yet especially together an adverb (how, whereby way, in any kind of way), and in the mix quīcum(with whom), together an ask or an unknown relative.

c. A nominative many quēs (qui-) wake up in early Latin. A dative and ablative plural quīs (quo-) is uncovered even in classic Latin.

d. The preposition cum is joined enclitically to all forms of the ablative, similar to the an individual pronouns (§ 143.f).

quōcum, quīcum, quibuscum

Note— yet occasionally cum precedes.

cum quō (Iuv. 4.9).

151. The pronoun quis and quī show up in assorted combinations. The adverb -cumque (-cunque; cf. quisque) included to the family member makes an unknown relative, i beg your pardon is declined like the basic word.

quīcumque, quaecumque, quodcumque(whoever, whatever)cûiuscumque, etc.

Note— This suffix, with the very same meaning, might be provided with any kind of relative

quāliscumqueof whatever sortquandōcumque (also hardly ever quandōque) wheneverubicumquewherever

a. In quisquis (whoever) both components are declined, however the only forms frequently used room quisquis, quidquid (quicquid), and also quōquō.

note 1— Rare creates are quemquem and quibusquibus; an ablative quīquī is sometimes discovered in beforehand Latin; the ablative feminine quāquā is both late and rare. Cuicui occurs together a slate in the phrase cuicui modī (of everything kind).Other cases are cited, however have no authority. In at an early stage Latin quisquis is occasionally feminine.

keep in mind 2— Quisquis is generally substantive, other than in the ablative quōquō, which is much more commonly one adjective.

c. The indefinite pronoun quīdam, quīvīs, quīlibet (any friend please) are used both together substantives and also as adjectives. The very first part is declined like the family member quī, yet the neuter has both quid- (substantive) and quod- (adjective).


Quīdam transforms m come n before d in the accusation singular <quendam (m.), quandam (f.)> and the genitive many <quōrundam (m. / n.), quārundam (f.)>.

d. The indefinite pronouns quispiam (some, any) and also quisquam (any in ~ all) are supplied both as substantives and also as adjectives. Quispiam has feminine quaepiam (adjective), neuter quidpiam (substantive) and quodpiam (adjective); the plural is an extremely rare. Quisquam is both masculine and also feminine; the neuter is quidquam (quicquam), substantive only; there is no plural. Ūllus, -a, -um, is typically used together the adjective equivalent to quisquam.

e. The unknown pronoun aliquis(some one, substantive), aliquī(some, adjective), is declined like quis and quī, however aliqua is used rather of aliquae except in the nominative many feminine.

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Note— Aliquī is periodically used substantively and aliquis together an adjective.

f. The unknown pronoun ecquis(whether any kind of one,substantive), ecquī(whether any,adjective), is declined like aliquis, yet has one of two people ecquae or ecqua in the nominative singular feminine that the adjective form.

Note— Ecquis (ecquī) has no genitive singular, and also in the plural wake up in the nominative and also accusative only.

g. The enclitic bit -que added to the interrogative offers a universal

quisqueevery one uterqueeach the two, or both.

Quisque is decreased like the interrogative quis, quī

quisque, quidque (substantive) quīque, quaeque, quodque (adjective)

In the link ūnusquisque (every solitary one) both parts are declined (genitive unīuscûiusque), and they are sometimes written separately and also even be separated by various other words.

nē in ūnō quidem quōquenot even in a solitary one (Lael. 92)

h. The relative and also interrogative have actually rarely a own adjective cûius, -a, -um(whose; older quôius) and a patrial cûiās(cûiāt-), of what country.

i. Quantus (how great) quālis (of what sort) space derivative adjectives from the interrogative. They are either interrogative or relative, matching respectively come the demonstratives tantus, tālis152). Unknown compounds are quantuscumque and quāliscumque (see § 151.

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