According come J. Am. Chem. Soc.
You are watching: What is a nonzero dipole moment
1945, 67 (2), 322–324:
Planar configurations for resorcinol and hydroquinone are much more acceptable on comparison of experiment and also calculation than space the frameworks assuming either complimentary or partially minimal rotation of the hydroxyl groups.
It says that the dipole is present because there is minimal rotation through the hydroxyl groups. The wanted conformation because that hydroquinone is a level molecule with the hydrogens in the plane.
If girlfriend look in ~ the two feasible planar frameworks of hydroquinone, one will have both hydroxyl hydrogens ~ above the exact same side the the molecule (with a nonzero net dipole moment since the two OH dipoles room additive together vectors), vice versa, the other will have them top top opposite sides (and a zero dipole moment because the five dipoles will certainly cancel each other out).
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