Subjects and Predicates
Parts of speech havespecific jobs to perform when they are put together in a sentence.
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A nounor pronoun attributes as the sentence subject when itis paired through a verb functioning as the sentence predicate.
Every sentence has actually a subjectand predicate.
A subject have the right to be anounor pronoun the is partnered through an action verb.
Sometimes a verb willexpress being or existence instead of action.
Sometimes we usesentences in which a topic is not actually stated, however is,nevertheless, understood in the meaning.
A sentence choose this gives an stimulate or a inquiry to someone.
Because we usage suchstatements as soon as we are talking directly to someone, we omit words you.It is understood in the sentence. Therefore, in statementslike this one, us say the topic is
This type of sentence isan imperative sentence.
A predicate is a verb the expresses the subject"s activity or state the being.
Sometimes the predicatewill be composed of two or three verbs the fit with each other - the mainverb came before by one or much more auxiliary (helping) verbs.
IMPORTANT NOTE: Tobe a predicate, a verb that ends in -ing must ALWAYShave a help verb with it. One -ing verb WITHOUT a helpingverb cannot it is in a predicate in a sentence.
A subject and also predicatemay not always appear together or in the regular order, together the adhering to examplesshow:
A phrase is agroup of associated words that
1. Does not express a finish thought
2. Go not have a subject and predicate pair
One type of phrase isa prepositionalphrase.
Another kind ofphrase is a verbal phrase.
Even though these phrasescontain nouns (pronouns) and/or verb forms, nobody of the nouns/pronouns/verbs aresubjects or predicates. None work as a partnership.
Also, these phrasesdo not express complete thoughts.
Words and phrases can beput with each other to do clauses.
A clause isa team of related words the contain a subject and predicate.
Note the differencebetween phrases and clauses in the adhering to examples:
Only one of the clauses is a sentence.
Clause #1 offers a thoughtor an idea the is COMPLETE, that have the right to stand through itself, independent ofother words.
However, clause #2 givesan INCOMPLETE thought or idea, one that cannot stand by itself, one thatneeds some an ext words to do it whole. The word after transforms themeaning, do the assumed incomplete. After analysis this clause, we room lefthanging.
These 2 clausesillustrate the 2 kinds of clauses:
independent clauses and also dependent clauses
An independent clause is a group of native that includes a subject, a predicate, and also a completethought.
A dependent clause is a group of words that includes a subject and a predicate, but does NOTexpress a complete thought.
Compounding Sentence Elements
Words, phrases, and clauses might be joined to one an additional inside a sentence through a conjunction.The coordinating conjunctions and, but,or, and also nor may join subjects, predicates, adjectives, adverbs, preposition phrases or dependency clauses in ~ a sentence. This procedure is called "compounding."The following examples display the procedure of absorption
When whole independent clauses (simple sentences) space joined this way, castle becomecompound sentences.
A complete sentenceneeds only two elements:
a subject - property unit and acomplete thought
In various other words, a simplesentence is actually the exact same thing as an independent clause.
Dependent clausesor phrases are referred to as fragments because they space missingone or an ext parts required to do a sentence.
Therefore, lock are just piecesor fragments of complete sentences.
Look at these examples:
Avoiding Comma Splices and Fused Sentences
Sometimes two independent rule (simple sentences) can be join to form another type ofsentence: the compound sentence.
Two significant errorscan happen when constructing compound sentences.
Error #1: The CommaSplice
Writers make this errorwhen they shot to separate the 2 independent rule in a link sentencewith a comma alone.
A comma is no a strongenough punctuation mark to separate the two independent rule by itself; thus,using it reasons the rule to it is in spliced together.
Example that a commasplice:
This sentence have the right to berepaired in three ways:
1. By adding an proper coordinating conjunction
2. By transforming the comma come a semicolon
3. By changing the punctuation and adding an appropriate conjunctiveadverb
Error #2: The FusedSentence
Writers do this errorby joining 2 independent clauses right into a link sentence there is no usingany punctuation between them.
No punctuation betweenthe two independent clauses reasons them to "fuse" right into an INCORRECTcompound sentence.
See more: Grams Per Liter To Grams Per Milliliter Conversion Tool, Grams Per Liter To Grams Per Milliliter
Example that a fusedsentence:
This sentence is alsorepaired in three ways:
1.by adding a comma and an suitable coordinating conjunction
2. By place a semicolon in between the two clauses
3. By adding the needed punctuation and also an appropriate conjunctiveadverb
Another way to repair acomma splice or unify sentence is to do each elevation clauseinto a simple sentence.