Unlike the eukaryotic bio cells uncovered in greater life forms, prokaryotes cells, such as single-cell bacteria, have actually no nucleus and also can"t reproduce by duplication that the nucleus" chromosomes.

You are watching: What is the advantage of binary fission for prokaryotes?

Instead, they main point by a process called binary fission, in i beg your pardon the cell merely splits right into two. Part of the bacterial survive strategy is come reproduce as conveniently as possible when conditions are favorable. As soon as the temperature is right and also food is available, binary fission permits for rapid cell growth.

The new cells still need to be the same as the parent cells, so the hereditary material needs to be identical. This way the the cell"s DNA molecules must be replicated during the binary fission process. Although that adds extra steps, binary fission is still much simpler and faster 보다 eukaryotic cell reproduction and is well-suited to bacteria behavior.

The process of binary fission is a method of asexual reproduction that results in two identical daughter cells indigenous a single parent cell.

Because the is less complicated than the nucleus-based mitosis process of eukaryotic bio cell division, bacteria have the right to use that to quickly grow in numbers once conditions and also resources permit. This rapid multiplication is an advantage when completing with various other bacteria and other single-cell life forms.

Bacteria simply consume the food that is available, excrete your waste and also split once they reach a dimension that enables them to divide right into two viable smaller cells.

Although the binary fission procedure is relatively simple, the still has several measures that need to be perfect before brand-new cells space formed.

First the solitary circular strand of bacterial DNA has to straighten. DNA replication of the strand climate takes place. At the very same time, the cell starts growing into an elongated shape, and the cabinet membrane then closes in between the two new cells near the center of the elongated parent cell. The in-depth steps are as follows:

The DNA molecule that holds the genetic code because that the bacterial cabinet is a circular strand the is normally tightly coiled. It has to uncoil and also straighten so it have the right to be copied.

While the cell is tho growing, the enzyme DNA polymerase duplicates the DNA strand. The 2 copies affix themselves to the cell membrane.

As the cabinet grows more, the lengthens by adding cell wall surface and membrane material approximately the middle. The two duplicates of DNA attached to the cell membrane space pulled in the direction of opposite ends of the cabinet in ready for last binary fission.

In binary fission, a parent cell splits right into two daughter cells of same size. Halfway between the elongated cell ends, the cell membrane starts growing into the middle of the cell. Once the membrane has actually sealed off the two cells, they can separate.

The two brand-new daughter cells currently contain a complete collection of coiled DNA and also a re-publishing of cell ribosomes and also plasmids. Castle are prepared to grow and also eventually break-up themselves

While binary fission is a less complex process than eukaryotic cell department using mitosis, both an outcome in the same daughter cells.

Bacteria usage binary fission due to the fact that that procedure has specific evolutionary benefits for single-cell organisms. Mitosis is the an ext controlled procedure due come its plenty of steps.

Cell division in multicellular organisms have the right to stop if it is not needed, or it deserve to be directed toward creating organs and complicated structures. In humans, for example, uncontrolled cell growth have the right to lead come tumors and also cancer.


For bacteria, untreated reproduction and growth is an benefit that lets them propagate quickly and also compete efficiently with other simple organisms.

See more: Compare And Contrast The Lewis Structures For Krypton And Radon

Bert Markgraf is a freelance writer with a solid science and also engineering background. He has written for scientific publications such together the HVDC Newsletter and the Energy and also Automation Journal. Digital he has written extensively on science-related subject in math, physics, chemistry and biology and also has been released on web page such together Digital Landing and also Reference.com the holds a Bachelor that Science degree from mcgill University.