Calcium nitride, referred to as calcium azanidylidenecalcium in IUPAC nomenclature, is an inorganic compound v constituent elements calcium and nitrogen and also represented through the chemistry formula Ca3N2 <1>. It has different isomorphous forms, the end of i beg your pardon α-calcium nitride is typically found <2>.

Calcium Nitride Identification

CAS Number12013-82-0 <3, 4>
PubChem CID3387080 <1>
ChemSpider ID21171155 <4>
EC Number234-592-9 <3>
RTECS NumberN/A <3>

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Calcium Nitride Formula

How is Calcium Nitride Prepared

It can be synthesized when calcium is heated at an elevated temperature in the presence of air, which is stood for by the following direct reaction that the facets <2>:

3Ca + N2 → Ca3N2

The calcium nitride formed can be easily identified, together it reacts through moisture or water to create calcium hydroxide and also ammonia <2>:

Ca3N2 + 6H2O → 3Ca(OH)2 + 2NH3


Calcium Nitride Ionic Bond

Properties and also Characteristics of Calcium Nitride

General Properties

Molar Mass/Molecular Weight148.248 g/mol <1>

Physical Properties

Color and also AppearanceReddish-brown crystalline powder <2, 3>
Melting Point1,195 °C, 2,183 °F <5>
Boiling PointN/A <3>
Density2.63 g cm-3 <3>
State of issue at room temperature (solid/liquid/gas)Solid <3>
Solubility in WaterDecomposes in H2O

Atomic Properties

Crystal StructureCubic <5>


Calcium Nitride chemical Structure


Ca3N2 deserve to be offered for obtaining reactive nitride ions <5>.

Is the Toxic

Repeated call or overexposure come Ca3N2 has actually been linked to eye damage and also skin burns <6>. It is a flammable solid and also should be preserved away from sparks, heat, open flames, and water, due to the fact that of feasible dangerous reaction <6>.


Aluminum Nitride

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Brønsted-Lowry theory

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