genreAntigone and also Oedipus the King aretragedies; Oedipus in ~ Colonus is challenging to classify.

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languageAncient Greek

time and place writtenAntigone is thought to have actually beenwritten around 441 b.c., Oedipusthe King approximately 430 b.c., and also Oedipusat Colonus sometime near the finish of Sophocles’ life in 406–405 b.c. The plays were every written and also produced in Athens,Greece.

date of very first publication The plays probably circulated in manuscript in fifth-centuryb.c. Athensand have actually come under to modern-day editors with the scribal and editorialefforts of scholar in ancient Greece, old Alexandria, and also medievalEurope.

publisherThere is no recognized publisher of initial or early editions.The many important contemporary edition that the Greek texts, all set by A.C. Pearson, was published by Oxford University push in 1924 andreprinted with corrections in 1928.



setting (time)All 3 plays are set in the mythical previous of ancientGreece.

setting (place)Antigone and Oedipus the King areset in Thebes, Oedipus in ~ Colonus in Colonus (nearAthens).

protagonistOedipus is the protagonist that both Oedipusthe King and also Oedipus at Colonus. Antigoneis the protagonist the Antigone.

major conflictAntigone’s significant conflict is betweenCreon and also Antigone. Creon has claimed that the human body of Polynicesmay not be provided a proper burial because he led the forces thatinvaded Thebes, but Antigone wishes to offer her brother a properburial nevertheless. The significant conflict the Oedipus the King ariseswhen Tiresias speak Oedipus that Oedipus is responsible because that theplague, and Oedipus refuses to think him. The significant conflict the Oedipusat Colonus is in between Oedipus and Creon. Creon has actually beentold through the oracle that just Oedipus’s return can lug an finish tothe polite strife in Thebes—Oedipus’s two sons, Eteocles and Polynices,are at battle over the throne. Oedipus, furious in ~ Thebes because that exilinghim, has actually no desire to return.

rising actionThe rising action of Oedipus the King occurswhen Creon return from the oracle through the news the the plaguein Thebes will finish when the murderer that Laius, the king prior to Oedipus,is discovered and driven out. The rising activity of Oedipusat Colonus occurs as soon as Creon needs that Oedipus returnto Thebes and also tries to force him to execute so. The rising action of Antigone isAntigone’s decision come defy Creon’s orders and bury her brother.

climaxThe climax of Oedipus the King occurswhen Oedipus learns, rather contrary to his expectations, the heis the guy responsible for the torment that has stricken Thebes—heis the male who eliminated his father and slept v his mother. Theclimax of Oedipus in ~ Colonus happens once we hearof Oedipus’s death. The climax of Antigone is whenCreon, as well late to avert tragedy, decides come pardon Antigone fordefying his orders and burying she brother.

falling actionIn Oedipus the King, the consequencesof Oedipus’s learning of his identity as the man who eliminated hisfather and also slept through his mom are the fallout’s action. This discoverydrives Jocasta to hang herself, Oedipus to poke out his own eyes,and Creon to banish Oedipus indigenous Thebes. The falling activity of Oedipusat Colonus is Oedipus’s curse of Polynices. The curse isfollowed through the beginning of a storm, i m sorry Oedipus recognizes together asignal of his impending death. The falling activity of Antigone occursafter Creon decides to cost-free Antigone from her tomblike prison. Creon arrivestoo late and finds that Antigone has actually hanged herself. Haemon, Antigone’sfiancé, attempts to death Creon but ends up death himself. Creon’swife, Eurydice, stabs herself.

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themesThe power of unwritten law, the willingness to ignorethe truth, the boundaries of cost-free will

motifsSuicide, sight and blindness, graves and also tombs

symbolsOedipus’s swollen foot, the three-way crossroads, Antigone’s entombment

foreshadowingOedipus’s name, i m sorry literally way “swollen foot,” foreshadowshis discovery of his own identity. Tiresias, the blind prophet,appears in both Oedipus the King and also Antigone and also announceswhat will happen to Oedipus and to Creon—only come be completely ignoredby both. The fact that originates from Tiresias’s remote foreshadowsthe revelation the inspires Oedipus to remote himself. Oedipus’scommand in Oedipus at Colonus the no one, noteven his own daughters, understand where he has been hidden foreshadowsthe problems surrounding funeral in Antigone.