Many scientific research teachers carry out a demonstration in which lock immerse sealed can be ~ of Coke and Diet Coke in a tank of water. The have the right to of Coke immediately sinks, while the have the right to of Diet Coke floats. Some instructors have adapted this demonstration as an experiment come teach students the values of density and buoyancy. The experiments allow students to conduct dimensions so that they can devise a clinical explanation because that the observed behavior.

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Density to represent the relationship in between a substance's mass and the quantity of space it occupies, i.e., its volume. Scientists typically express thickness in metric units of grams per milliliter, or g/mL. Pure water exhibits a thickness of 1.00 g/mL. Most other liquids exhibition densities between 0.8 and 1.3 g/mL.

Coca Cola is composed mostly of water. However it additionally contains 39 g of sugars, primarily in the kind of high-fructose corn syrup, or HFCS. The HFCS supplied by Coca-Cola and most various other soft drink manufacturers exhibits a loved one sweetness that 160 contrasted to the baseline sweetness of 100 exhibited by sucrose, or table sugar. This relative scale reflects perceived sweetness, which way that HFCS literally tastes 1.6 times sweeter than an equal amount that sucrose. As a result, a drink sweetened through HFCS requires less sweetener to attain the preferred level the sweetness than a drink sweetened through sucrose.

Diet Coke consists of an man-made sweetener: aspartame. Aspartame exhibits a viewed sweetness of 180 times that of sugar. Or, for a much more direct comparison, aspartame exhibits a sweetness 113 times better than high fructose corn syrup. As a consequence, Diet Coke just requires 0.35 grams of aspartame to accomplish the very same level of sweetness as the 39 g that HFCS in Coke.

Whether an item sinks or floats counts on that is buoyancy. An object placed in water exerts a downward pressure on the water. The water, however, pushes back. Archimedes' principle claims that the buoyant pressure exerted by water or any other liquid on an item is same to the load of the water displaced by the object. If the load of displaced water exceeds the weight of the object, the object floats. Otherwise, it sinks. This, in part, defines why steel ships float. It also explains why the can of Diet Coke sinks. Since the 2 cans exhibit identical shapes and sizes, they displace equal quantities of water as soon as submerged. However the fact that the deserve to of Coke sinks method it need to weigh an ext than the quantity of water it displaces, vice versa, the can of Diet Coke weighs less.

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Both the Diet Coke and also Coke can be ~ contain 12 fluid oz., or 355 milliliters, the liquid. Both beverages consist generally of water. The primary distinction lies in the sweetener. Coke contains around 325 mL that water, v a density of 1.0 g/mL, and 39 g that sugar. The components of the can because of this weigh 325 g + 39 g = 364 g. The can of Diet Coke, however, contains only 0.3 g that aspartame. It thus consists virtually entirely that water and also the can's contents because of this weigh around 355 g. This distinction in weight renders the deserve to of Diet Coke sufficiently buoyant come float. In terms of density, the thickness of Diet Coke is roughly 1.00 g/mL, the very same as water. The Coke, however, exhibits a density of 1.03 g/mL.