Element Yttrium - Y

Comprehensive data ~ above the chemical facet Yttrium is listed on this page; including scores that properties, element names in countless languages, most well-known nuclides the Yttrium. Usual chemical compounds room also detailed for plenty of elements. In enhancement technical state are linked to your definitions and the menu contains links come related write-ups that space a good aid in one"s studies.

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Yttrium Menu

Yttrium page OneOverview the YttriumYttrium"s name in other LanguagesAtomic framework of YttriumChemical properties of YttriumPhysical nature of YttriumRegulatory / HealthWho/When/Where/HowYttrium web page TwoNuclides / IsotopesPotential parent NuclidesYttrium web page ThreeCommon chemical Compounds the Yttrium

Overview of Yttrium

Atomic Number: 39Group: 3Period: 5Series: shift Metals

Yttrium"s name in various other Languages

Latin: YttriumCzech: YttriumCroatian: ItrijFrench: YttriumGerman: Yttrium - sItalian: IttrioNorwegian: YttriumPortuguese: ItrioRussian: ИттрийSpanish: ItrioSwedish: YttriumAtomic framework of YttriumAtomic Radius: 2.27ÅAtomic Volume: 19.8cm3/molCovalent Radius: 1.62ÅCross Section (Thermal spirit Capture) σa/barns: 1.28Crystal Structure: Hexagonal
Electron Configuration:1s2 2s2p6 3s2p6d10 4s2p6d1 5s2Electrons per power Level: 2,8,18,9,2Shell Model
Ionic Radius:
0.9ÅFilling Orbital: 4d1Number of electrons (with no charge): 39Number of neutrons (most common/stable nuclide): 50Number that Protons: 39Oxidation States: 3Valence Electrons: 4d1 5s2Electron dot Model

Chemical nature of Yttrium

Electrochemical Equivalent:
1.1057g/amp-hrElectron work Function: 3.1eVElectronegativity: 1.22 (Pauling); 1.11 (Allrod Rochow)Heat the Fusion: 11.4kJ/molIncompatibilities:OxidizersIonization PotentialFirst: 6.38Second: 12.24Third: 20.52Valence Electron Potential (-eV): 48

Physical nature of Yttrium

Atomic massive Average: 88.90585Boiling Point: 3611K 3338°C 6040°FCoefficient of lineal thermal expansion/K-1: 10.6E-6ConductivityElectrical: 0.0166 106/cm ΩThermal: 0.172 W/cmKDensity: 4.47g/cc
300KDescription:Silvery metal, i m sorry is secure in air since of an oxide film that forms on the surface.Elastic Modulus:Bulk: 41/GPaRigidity: 25.5/GPaYoungs: 66.3/GPaEnthalpy that Atomization: 418 kJ/mole
25°CEnthalpy that Fusion: 17.15 kJ/moleEnthalpy the Vaporization: 393 kJ/moleFlammablity Class: Non-combustible hard (except together dust)Freezing Point: see melting pointHardness ScaleBrinell: 589 MN m-2Heat of Vaporization: 363kJ/molMelting Point: 1799K 1526°C 2779°FMolar Volume: 19.89 cm3/molePhysical State (at 20°C & 1atm): SolidSpecific Heat: 0.3J/gKVapor Pressure = 5.31Pa

Regulatory / Health

CAS Number7440-65-5RTECS: ZG2980000OSHA permissible Exposure limit (PEL)TWA: 1 mg/m3OSHA PEL Vacated 1989TWA: 1 mg/m3NIOSH encourage Exposure border (REL)TWA: 1 mg/m3IDLH: 500 mg/m3 Routes that Exposure: Inhalation; Ingestion; Skin and/or eye contactTarget Organs: Eyes, respiratory tract system, liverLevels In Humans:Note: this data represents naturally occuring level of elements in the typical human, the DOES NOT represent recommended everyday allowances.Blood/mg dm-3: 0.0047Bone/p.p.m: 0.07Liver/p.p.m: Muscle/p.p.m: 0.02Daily dietary Intake: 0.016 mgTotal fixed In Avg. 70kg human: 0.6 mg

Who / wherein / as soon as / How

Discoverer: Johann GadolinDiscovery Location: Äbo FinlandDiscovery Year: 1794Name Origin:From the town of Ytterby, Sweden.Abundance the Yttrium:Earth"s Crust/p.p.m.: 30Seawater/p.p.m.: 0.000009Atmosphere/p.p.m.: N/ASun (Relative to H=1E12): 125Sources of Yttrium:Found in xenotime, bastnasite, fergusonite and samarskite ores. Yearly world wide production is roughly 400 tons. Primary mining areas are USA, Russia, Norway and also Madagascar.Uses of Yttrium:Combined through europium to make red phosphors for shade TV"s. Yttrium oxide and iron oxide integrate to kind a crystal garnet offered in radars. Additionally used in lasers, camera lenses and fireproof bricks.Additional Notes:

Yttrium Menu

Yttrium web page OneOverview of YttriumYttrium"s name in other LanguagesAtomic structure of YttriumChemical properties of YttriumPhysical nature of YttriumRegulatory / HealthWho/When/Where/HowYttrium web page TwoNuclides / IsotopesPotential parent NuclidesYttrium web page ThreeCommon chemistry Compounds the Yttrium


A list of reference sources offered to translate into the data listed on our routine table of elements can be found on the main periodic table page.

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