Also well-known as Atlantic or Celtic rainforest, this one-of-a-kind habitat is very rare. In fact, it"s believed to be more threatened 보다 tropical rainforest. The lush conditions are perfect because that scarce plants, lichens and also fungi, as well as a variety of unusual animals.

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The wealth of lichens in these components of the UK is partly because the western extremities have been least affected by air air pollution historically. Tree lungwort would once have arisen all throughout western Europe.

Temperate rainforest wildlife

Rainforests are among the most biodiverse habitats in the UK. The high humidity and low temperature selection create the perfect problems for moisture-loving lichens and also bryophytes (mosses and liverworts).

A an excellent example the this habitat could contain end 200 different species of bryophytes and also 100-200 types of lichen. The UK has an worldwide responsibility to protect plenty of of these species due to your scarce global distribution.

Temperate rainforests are particularly an excellent for Lobarion and Graphidion lichens. Most likely the many recognisable is tree lungwort (Lobaria pulmonaria) which is a large, irpari lichen. The literally looks choose the lungs of the forest. Then there"s the rare ‘blackberries-in-custard’ lichen (Pyrenula hibernica, pictured), a ‘crustose’ lichen which presses chop to the smooth bark that trees like hazel, and also characteristically splits the bark.

A number of rare and threatened species of fungi contact temperate rainforest home. Some space not just rare in the UK, but are additionally globally scarce. Hazel gloves fungus (Hypocreopsis rhododendri) is a conservation priority varieties that virtually exclusively grow on old hazel trees. It"s a sure authorize of clean air and a wood"s ancient origins.

Migrant birds such together pied flycatcher, lumber warbler, redstart and also tree pipit grow in the insect-rich problems temperate rainforests offer, flying below to breed each summer. In the UK, the rare chequered skipper butterfly is additionally only uncovered in the mild, damp and grassy habitats in ~ the woodland edges of rainforest in west Scotland.

Threats to warm rainforest

The rainforest was when a well-used resource, offering timber, charcoal and tannin because that tanning leather. But our rainforest is threatened. It has actually suffered long term declines through clearances, chronic overgrazing, and also conversion to various other uses. This has actually left a tiny and fragmented resource.

The significant threats continuing to impact our rainforests are:

invasive specieshigh levels of grazing, mainly from deeruncertainty over exactly how rural areas and also woods in details will be sustained in the future.

Rhododendron (specifically Rhododendron ponticum and associated hybrids) has been called ‘the many damaging and most extensive non-native terrestrial plant in Britain’. Presented to the UK about 1760, the an wild coloniser that reduces the biodiversity worth of a site. It obstructs the regeneration of woodlands and once established, it’s daunting and costly to eradicate.

The little and fragmented nature of our rainforest likewise reduces that is resilience versus other threats, such as pests, diseases and climate change.

saving Scotland"s rainforest

We"re functioning to for sure Scotland’s rainforests prosper once again. As part of the Alliance for Scotland’s Rainforest, we"re top top a mission come protect and enhance this globally crucial habitat because that the one-of-a-kind wildlife that counts upon it.

find how we're making a difference

How you deserve to help

It’s not as well late to reverse the decline and save our rainforest. Salary a visit, absorb the setting and aid raise awareness the these one-of-a-kind places and also the need to defend them.

You have the right to also assist our work-related to regain amazing sites favor Ausewell. Bringing woods prefer this earlier to their former glory is an substantial task. Every donation is critical if we"re to realise the wood"s full potential.

Ausewell lumber appeal

Help carry this historic and wonderful site earlier to life to achieve its complete potential.

Learn more and donate

*Maphobbyist, pleasant rainforest map, CC BY-SA 3.0

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The Woodland trust is a charity registered in England and also Wales (No. 294344) and in Scotland (No. SC038885). A non-profit-making company limited by guarantee. Registered in England No. 1982873.

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Woodland trust (Enterprises) Limited, registered in England (No. 2296645), is a wholly own subsidiary the the woodland Trust. Registered office: Kempton Way, Grantham, Lincolnshire, NG31 6LL.