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You are watching: Why do atoms behave like magnets

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More ~ above Magnetic Fields

whereby does a magnet get its magnetic field? Magnetic areas are produced by moving electric charges. Everything is comprised of atoms, and each atom has actually a nucleus do of neutrons and also protons through electrons the orbit approximately the nucleus. Since the orbiting electrons ≠are tiny moving charges, a little magnetic ar is created roughly each atom. These magnetic fields have a particular orientation or direction; this orientation is dubbed the atom’s magnetic moment. Basically, all of the atoms in things act prefer several tiny magnets. In many materials, all of these moments confront random directions and also they every cancel each various other out, and also there is a net magnetization that 0, which method the object will not be a magnet.

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However, as soon as all or most of these moments align in the exact same direction, the entire object has a network magnetization and creates a magnetic field roughly itself.