Why walk the king send Hamlet to England? and also why walk the king send Rosencrantz and also Guildenstern to accompany him?
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Claudius very first decides to send Hamlet to England because he"s fear of what Hamlet knows about his murdered father, and also because Claudius thinks the a adjust of scenery might help cure his melancholy.
CLAUDIUS: . . . There"s other in his soulO"er i beg your pardon his melancholy sit on brood; And...
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Claudius an initial decides to send Hamlet to England due to the fact that he"s afraid of what Hamlet knows around his murdered father, and also because Claudius thinks that a readjust of see might assist cure his melancholy.
CLAUDIUS: . . . There"s miscellaneous in his soulO"er i beg your pardon his melancholy sit on brood;And I perform doubt the hatch and also the discloseWill be some danger; which because that to prevent,I have actually in rapid determinationThus collection it down: he shall with speed to EnglandFor the demand of our neglected tribute.Haply the seas, and also countries different,With change objects chandelier expelThis something-settled issue in his heart,Whereon his brains still beating puts him thusFrom fashion that himself. (3.1.173–184)
He then confides to Rosencrantz and also Guildenstern the real reason he desires Hamlet to go to England. Claudius has come to be increasingly concerned about Hamlet"s behavior. Claudius doesn"t really think that Hamlet is mad, but he doesn"t desire to take any kind of chances.
CLAUDIUS: I favor him not, nor stands it safe with usTo permit his wildly range. Thus prepare you.I your commission will certainly forthwith dispatch,And he to England shall in addition to you.The terms of our estate might not endureHazard so close to us together doth hourly growOut that his brows. (3.3.1–7)
Later we learn the contents of the "commission" i beg your pardon Claudius offered to Rosencrantz and also Guildenstern because that Hamlet when he orders lock to companion Hamlet to England.
HAMLET: . . . The on the supervise, no leisure bated,No, no to remain the grind of the axe,My head have to be struck off. (5.2.24–26)
Hamlet currently knows he"s being sent to England when he accidentally death Polonius, and he probably suspects what Claudius intends to have actually him killed, but Claudius supplies the death of Polonius as more pretext for acquiring Hamlet out of Elsinore as soon as possible, supposedly for Hamlet"s very own safety.
CLAUDIUS: Hamlet, this deed, for thine especial safety—Which we do tender together we dearly grieveFor that which you hast done—must send thee henceWith fiery quickness. Because of this prepare thyself.The bark is ready and the wind at help,The associates tend, and everything is bentFor England. (4.3.42–48)
As for a reason why Claudius didn"t just have actually Hamlet eliminated in Denmark (or kill him himself, favor Hamlet"s father), Claudius fears the Hamlet is also well-liked through the people, and also there would certainly be consequences again that if Hamlet were killed.
CLAUDIUS: I have actually sent to look for him, and also to uncover the body.How attention is it the this guy goes loose!Yet need to not we placed the strong law on him.He"s loved of the distracted multitude,Who choose not in your judgment, yet their eyes;And wherein "tis so, the offender"s scourge is weigh"d,But never the offence. Come bear all smooth and even,This sudden sending him away have to seemDeliberate pause. Illness desperate grownBy desperate appliance room relieved,Or no at all. (4.3.1–11)
As because that why Claudius sends Rosencrantz and also Guildenstern to England with Hamlet, we know that Rosencrantz and also Guildenstern space childhood girlfriend of Hamlet, and that Claudius sent out for them earlier in the play come spy top top Hamlet and "glean" what"s bothering him.
CLAUDIUS: i entreat you bothThat, being of for this reason young days brought up through him,And sith for this reason neighbour"d to his youth and haviour,That you vouchsafe her rest below in ours courtSome little time; for this reason by her companiesTo attract him on come pleasures, and to gatherSo much as from chance you may glean,Whether aught to us unknown afflicts him thusThat open"d lies in ~ our remedy. (2.2.10–19)
Claudius might think that Hamlet will certainly be much less suspicious of his engine for sending him to England if Rosencrantz and also Guildenstern go along with him, however Hamlet currently suspects Rosencrantz and Guildenstern that conspiring with Claudius against him.
HAMLET: There"s letters seal"d; and my two schoolfellows,Whom I will trust together I will adders fang"d,They be affected by each other the mandate; they should sweep mine wayAnd marshal me come knavery. (3.4.219–222)
Claudius wants to make sure that Hamlet doesn"t obtain away from Rosencrantz and Guildenstern top top the means to England or otherwise thwart his setup to have actually Hamlet killed when he it s okay there.
CLAUDIUS: eight you, ns pray you, to this speedy voyage;For we will certainly fetters placed upon this fear,Which currently goes also free-footed. (3.3.24–26)
It didn"t quite occupational out the way.
Another reason for sending Rosencrantz and also Guildenstern to England with Hamlet might be the Shakespeare had no further use because that Rosencrantz and also Guildenstern in the play. They served their purpose, and also since Shakespeare knew the plot twist—since he composed it—he knew that Rosencrantz and also Guildenstern wouldn"t be coming back to Elsinore, and the actors play Rosencrantz and Guildenstern could play other parts.
In Shakespeare"s Hamlet, Ros. And Guil. Are supplied by Claudius first, and then by Hamlet. The themes that seeming, fact and illusion are furthered by the 2 whose names it seems to be ~ interchangeable and are earlier sent through Claudius come spy ~ above Hamlet. Claudius considers them friends that Hamlet, so it is organic that he sends them through Hamlet to England.
They are, that course, transferring the letter that will order the execution the Hamlet. Hamlet sees v this deception simply as he sees through every one of the other deceptions Claudius attempts, and in the finish Ros. And Guil. Space executed instead.
This appears a nasty fate because that the two, that bear Hamlet no malice. But they have actually betrayed him, and this is the price castle pay.
The incident establishes Claudius more concretely together a killer. By sending Hamlet come England to it is in assassinated, the is viewed as having an installed a direct assault on Hamlet.
The king sends every one of these guys to England as a ploy. Supposedly, Hamlet is being sent to England come collect some tribute that is owed to Denmark.
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The only reason Claudius is sending out Hamlet, really, is to get rid of him. The two guys with the long, tough to kind names are just going to England so that they can lug a letter because that King Claudius. The letter is giving an order the Hamlet have to be killed. Hamlet is just being sent out to England so he deserve to be killed and Claudius won"t need to worry about him anymore.